Ultrasound of the pelvic organs is a highly informative and safe diagnostic method that is widely used in gynecology to identify various pathologies of the reproductive system. Patients need special preparation for pelvic ultrasound in women. This allows you to increase the effectiveness of the procedure. Therefore, it is worth considering in more detail how to prepare for ultrasound of the pelvis.
Features of the diagnostic procedure
The study is prescribed to women to confirm uterine pregnancy, diseases of the uterus and appendages, to identify pathological neoplasms.
The procedure takes 20-40 minutes, which is determined by the purpose of the examination.
Depending on the pathology, sexual activity, and condition of the patient, the following types of ultrasound scan of the pelvic organs are prescribed:
- Transvaginal ultrasound. The most informative technique, which allows you to diagnose any pathology of the reproductive system, to determine early pregnancy. The study is carried out using a sensor that the doctor inserts into the vagina. The procedure is contraindicated for women during bleeding and virgins if the patient is allergic to latex,
- Transabdominal ultrasound. The most comfortable method, which involves examining the pelvic organs through the abdominal wall. It is widely used in pregnant women, with the impossibility of internal scanning,
- Transrectal ultrasound. The study is carried out by introducing a sensor into the rectum. The method is used quite rarely - to virgins and women during bleeding, when the most accurate results are needed. The procedure causes some discomfort to the patient.
For preventive purposes, the procedure can be performed on any day of the cycle, excluding the period of menstruation. However, the first week after the end of menstruation is considered the most favorable period. To assess the condition of the ovaries, ultrasound is recommended on days 14-16 and 21-24 of the cycle.
The research price varies from 600 to 1200 rubles, depending on the clinic and locality.
General recommendations for preparation for ultrasound of the pelvic organs
An ultrasound of the pelvic organs is performed transrectally (through the anus), transvaginally (through the vagina) and transabdominally (through the abdominal wall). The most appropriate technique is determined by the doctor on the basis of the patient's complaints, the clinical picture of the disease and the alleged diagnosis.
Each type of study requires special training, but there are general rules that should be followed on the eve of the study:
- 3-4 days before the upcoming ultrasound, exclude yeast bread, legumes, alcohol, carbonated drinks, sweets, pastries, spicy, smoked, salty, fatty foods, sour-milk and other products that cause excessive gas formation from the diet,
- For 2-3 days before the procedure, take enzyme preparations that improve digestion,
- For several days on the eve of ultrasound, refrain from smoking,
- Do not take any medications on the day of the examination,
- Exclude food intake 10-12 hours before the study.
If a few days before the ultrasound diagnosis, the patient underwent a radiography using barium - the study must be postponed, since this substance can affect the results of ultrasound.
If you are allergic to latex, you should inform your doctor before transrectal or transvaginal sonography.
Conditions for the appointment of pelvic ultrasound
The examination, which is carried out using ultrasound, is a widespread and the safest diagnostic method, it is not by chance that it is used even when monitoring the course of pregnancy in women. The human body is able to reflect and absorb ultrasonic waves to varying degrees, which allows ultrasound research. Using special sensors, waves directed to any organ scan the area under investigation, after which the signals are converted into an image on the monitor.
The advantages of the ultrasound method are high information content, painlessness of the procedure, the ability to see deviations from the norm in the early stages of the disease, in addition, during this examination the skin is not damaged and medications are not injected into the body. Ultrasound does not take much time and does not cause the patient a feeling of discomfort.
Ultrasound examination of the pelvic organs allows you to determine the condition of the bladder, ovaries, uterus, cervix and fallopian tubes - in women, and in men - the state of the prostate gland and seminal vesicles.
Indications for pelvic ultrasound may include inguinal pain, detection of blood in the urine, problems with urination, infertility, menstrual irregularities in women, and decreased potency in men. In addition, ultrasound of the pelvic organs allows you to see the anatomical features of the patient, congenital pathologies, age-related changes, to trace the effectiveness of a particular treatment method. It is also very important to regularly conduct this examination for preventive purposes, since this allows you to detect the slightest deviations from the norm, diagnose and begin to treat tumor and inflammatory diseases in time.
How to prepare for the examination
Proper preparation for the ultrasound procedure determines how accurately the diagnosis will be made. Preparatory measures vary depending on the method chosen. Therefore, you should consider each method separately.
The pelvic ultrasound procedure requires preliminary preparation to obtain reliable results.
The specifics of the preparatory measures depend on the methodology for conducting ultrasound diagnostics.
General rules for preparing for pelvic ultrasound:
- Food intake should be excluded 10-12 hours before the study.
- Within 2-3 days, take drugs to improve digestion.
- On the eve of an ultrasound, smoking should be abandoned for several days.
- 3-4 days before the study, exclude from the diet: alcohol, yeast bread, pastries, sweets, legumes, carbonated drinks, spicy, salty, smoked, fatty foods, sour-milk and other products that cause gas formation.
Pelvic ultrasound is carried out:
- Transvaginal way (through the vagina).
- Transabdominally (through the abdominal wall).
- Transrectal method (through the anus).
How to prepare for transvaginal ultrasound.
Examination through the vagina is the most informative and is performed with a moderately full bladder. It is carried out using an intravaginal sensor. To comply with aseptic norms, a condom is put on it before use. This procedure is not prescribed for virgins and patients with large tumors in the pelvis. Preparation for transvaginal ultrasound is reduced to hygiene of the external and internal genitals before visiting a doctor.
Preparation for transabdominal pelvic ultrasound.
In addition to the main recommendations for ultrasound scanning of the pelvic organs through the peritoneum, a few more requirements will be fulfilled. The examination is performed with a full bladder, so 3-4 hours before the upcoming procedure, you should not urinate. If you do not adhere to this recommendation, you can drink a liter of liquid immediately before an ultrasound scan (the effect is the same).
Transabdominal sonography after colonoscopy and gastroscopic examination is not prescribed, these procedures lead to the formation of air in the intestine.
Transrectal pelvic ultrasound in women - how to prepare.
Research provides the following procedures. It is necessary to free the intestines from feces. It is better to use an enema for this. It is recommended to cleanse the intestines 3 times - twice in the evening, on the eve of ultrasound, 1 time in the morning immediately before the examination. The patient can also use laxatives.
Compliance with all recommendations and a visit to our IntelPlus clinic in Vidnoye will allow you to get reliable ultrasound diagnosis results, make the correct diagnosis and prescribe effective treatment (if necessary).
Who is assigned to pelvic ultrasound? Indications for pelvic ultrasound?
Ultrasound of the pelvic organs is prescribed for both women and men, but the indications for the appointment of this procedure may be different.
For women, pelvic ultrasound is prescribed in the following cases:
For men, pelvic ultrasound is prescribed in the following cases:
Nevertheless, pelvic ultrasound should be regularly performed not only for young people, but especially for men over 40. This prevention will avoid many complications and diseases of the male reproductive system.
How to prepare for transabdominal pelvic ultrasound
In addition to following the general recommendations, preparation for ultrasound scanning of the pelvic organs through the peritoneum includes the fulfillment of several other requirements. 3-4 hours before the upcoming procedure, you should not urinate. The examination is performed with a full bladder, which raises the intestines and allows you to better visualize the study area. If the patient can not stand 3 hours, you can drink a liter of fluid before ultrasound (the effect will be the same). In emergency cases, fluid can be inserted into the bladder using a catheter.
Transabdominal sonography is not prescribed after a colonoscopy or gastroscopic examination, since these procedures lead to the formation of air in the intestine.
Preparation for transvaginal pelvic ultrasound
Transvaginal sonography is performed using an intravaginal sensor. To comply with aseptic norms, a condom is put on it before use.
Diagnosis through the vagina is considered the most informative and is performed with a moderately full bladder. In addition, colonoscopy or gastroscopy before ultrasound does not affect the diagnostic results. The transvaginal examination procedure is not prescribed for patients with large tumors in the pelvis and virgins. Preparation for ultrasound in this way is reduced to hygiene of the external and internal genitals before visiting a doctor.
If after the procedure there was a burning sensation in intimate places or abundant vaginal discharge appeared, consult a doctor.
Transrectal pelvic ultrasound in women - how to prepare
Preparatory procedures for transrectal examination are the same as for sonography through the peritoneum. The bowel should be freed from feces. For this, it is better to use an enema. In this case, the intestines are recommended to be cleaned 3 times - twice in the evening, on the eve of the examination, and once in the morning, immediately before the ultrasound. Patients for whom this method is unacceptable can use laxatives.
Compliance with the above recommendations will allow you to get reliable results of ultrasound diagnostics, make an accurate diagnosis and prescribe effective treatment (if necessary).
Attention! This article is for informational purposes only and under no circumstances is scientific material or medical advice and cannot serve as a substitute for in-person consultation with a professional doctor. For diagnosis, diagnosis and treatment, contact qualified doctors!
Why research is needed
The diagnostic procedure allows you to detect violations at an early stage of their development.
Using pelvic ultrasound, multiple diseases are detected, including:
- Malignant or benign neoplasms of the uterus, fallopian tubes, bladder, ovaries.
- Ectopic pregnancy (ovarian, tubal, abdominal).
- Violation of the location of the uterus, appendages, bladder.
- Obstruction of the fallopian tubes, the presence of adhesions inside their cavity.
- Inflammation of the bladder, uterus, appendages.
- Cervical erosion.
- Polycystic ovary.
- Violation of the structure of the cervix.
- The presence of pathologies in a child during its intrauterine development.
- Urolithiasis disease.
Ultrasound diagnosis allows you to identify damage to the pelvic organs, the presence of atrophic changes in their tissue. The method is also prescribed in order to determine the usefulness of the location of the intrauterine device after its installation. Also, due to the use of ultrasound, the condition of the ovaries is evaluated in order to subsequently make the patient a course of hormonal therapy. Including, if a woman plans to use oral contraceptives as a permanent type of contraception.
Varieties of ultrasound
In medicine, 3 types of ultrasound are used - abdominal, transvaginal and transrectal. Each of the listed diagnostic methods requires preparatory action on the part of the patient. In rare cases, to provide a full amount of information about the condition of the pelvic organs, a woman is prescribed simultaneously 2 types of research.
The most common type of ultrasound diagnosis. Assessment of the state of the organs occurs through the front wall of the abdominal cavity. A woman sits on a couch, frees her lower abdomen from clothes. The doctor applies a gel conductor to the skin of the abdominal cavity.
Then he leads the sensor along the surface of the suprapubic and umbilical region of the abdomen. An image reflecting the state of the investigated structures is displayed on the monitor screen of the ultrasound machine. At the end of the procedure, the doctor removes the gel from the surface of the abdomen, the woman dresses, she is given a diagnostic report, a picture is attached to the document. Abdominal ultrasound does not provide enough information about the condition of the ovaries.
Assessment of the state of organs is carried out by introducing a sensor into the vagina. A woman takes off her underwear, frees the suprapubic region of the abdomen from clothes, settles down on the couch. Having previously put on a condom on the ultrasound probe, the doctor treats the tip with glycerin and inserts it into the patient's vagina.
From the image that is observed on the screen of the monitor, it is possible to assess the state of the organs under investigation. After the procedure, the woman is given a conclusion with a picture attached to him.
Transvaginal ultrasound is undesirable to take during menstruation. Also, patients who do not yet live sexually are not referred to this type of diagnosis - the likelihood of damage to the hymen is increased.
How to prepare for pelvic ultrasound in women using a transvaginal sensor? Experts advise to adhere to the following recommendations:
- In 2-3 days, reduce the consumption of confectionery, carbonated drinks, dairy products.This will reduce the process of gas formation in the intestine, which can adversely affect the effectiveness of the procedure,
- Do not eat 6-8 hours before the procedure,
- During the examination, the pregnant woman is recommended to measure the full bladder. To do this, just drink 500 ml of water 60 minutes before the examination. In other cases, the use of fluid is not recommended,
- Do not put a cleansing enema before the procedure,
- To reduce gas formation, you can drink activated carbon or Smecta 1.5 hours before the study.
In emergency situations in gynecology, pelvic ultrasound is performed without special training. However, in such cases, the examination may not show an objective picture of the disease.
Transabdominal ultrasound: preparation features
Preparation for pelvic ultrasound should begin 3 days before the examination. Doctors recommend a special diet, which excludes the use of legumes, confectionery and bakery products, cabbage, carbonated drinks, grapes, apples, dairy products. The diet should include cereals, diet meats, stewed vegetables, eggs.
In the morning before an ultrasound scan of the pelvis, it is recommended not to eat, drink activated charcoal 90 minutes before the procedure. If a woman is bothered by constant constipation, then a cleansing enema should be put before bedtime and immediately after waking up. 60 minutes before the procedure, you will need to drink 1 liter of clean water to sufficiently fill the bladder.
How to prepare for transrectal ultrasound
In the evening, before conducting pelvic ultrasound in women, you need to thoroughly empty the intestines. To do this, you can use a mild laxative drug (glycerin suppositories, Senada) or twice do a cleansing enema (evening and morning). Additionally, a special diet is not required.
Preparation for ultrasound of the pelvic organs
Preparation for pelvic ultrasound depends on which method will be used to examine the patient: the transabdominal method, the transrectal method, or the transvaginal method. It is worth noting that for women, the most optimal time for passing the examination is 8-14 days of the cycle.
For transabdominal scanning of the pelvic organs, it is necessary to follow a diet a few days before the procedure itself, and before the procedure, fill the bladder by drinking 1-2 liters of fluid 1-2 hours before the procedure.
3 for before the procedure
The evening before the day
From your daily diet you need to exclude products that can contribute to increased gas production: oily fish and meat, carbonated drinks, brown bread, butter products, dairy products, juices, legumes, vegetables and fruits
Light dinner, last meal no later than 20:00. You should not eat meat and fish products, even if they are dietary.
In cases where the examination is scheduled for the morning, breakfast on the day of admission is excluded
Take at least 1.5 liters of water per day. It is water, not tea (coffee).
If there is a stable tendency to constipation, then it is necessary to use a laxative inside no later than 16:00.
Examination after 15:00, then a light breakfast is possible, but no later than 11:00
The food should be fractional, in small volumes, 4-5 times a day
If the patient’s body does not tolerate the laxative, then you can use the Besacodyl suppository (suppository for constipation)
1-2 hours before the procedure, fill the bladder by drinking 1-2 liters of water
On the recommendation of a doctor, various kinds of adsorbents can be prescribed if the patient has flatulence
2 days before the passage, an enema is necessary to cleanse the intestines.
IMPORTANT: before the procedure you can’t smoke, take antispasmodics, chew gum, suck on candy and other sweets.
Allowed for use: cereals of hard grains, lean poultry, low-fat fish and beef, lean cheese. Methods of preparing permitted products: boiling in water or a double boiler.
Preparation for a transrectal or transvaginal method is reduced to cleansing the intestines from feces and accumulated gases. You can use the training manual described above.
How do pelvic ultrasound?
Initially, the doctor prescribes an ultrasound of the pelvic organs with the transabdominal method of research, and only in extreme cases prescribes the transrectal method or the transvaginal method.
At transabdominal method pelvic organs are examined through the abdominal wall of the patient. This method is absolutely painless and safe for the human body.
At transrectal method a sensor with a disposable condom on and a gel applied is inserted into the rectum. Discomfort can occur with the introduction of the sensor and its movement in the rectum. If you feel pain, immediately inform your doctor.
At transvaginal method a sensor with a disposable condom on and gel on is inserted into the vagina to a depth of 3-4 cm. This procedure is less unpleasant than a standard examination on a gynecological chair. Pain and severe physical discomfort can be observed if patients have serious pathological abnormalities of the internal genital organs.
With a healthy state of the urogenital system, ultrasound does not reveal the presence of any neoplasms - cysts, fistulas, tumors. The intrauterine device is not displaced, fixed in the correct position. In the absence of diseases in the patient, the pelvic organs have clear contours, uniform echogenicity. They are anatomically correctly located, the structure does not contain changes. The thickness of the walls of the bladder in a healthy woman is 2-4 mm, without the presence of stones inside his cavity. The length of the uterus is 40-75 mm, width up to 70 mm.
In different phases of the menstrual cycle (MC), the endometrium has a different thickness:
- At 1 week, MC is 1-4 mm.
- At 2 and 3 weeks - 4-8 mm.
- For 4 weeks - 8-16 mm.
The size of the ovaries of a healthy woman is 20.3 mm (length), 16.1-22.6 mm (thickness), 18.2-29.4 mm (width).
Thickening of the cervical tissue is the basis for the conclusion about the presence of a cancerous tumor in it. An increase in ovarian size indicates the development of polycystic ectopic pregnancy, oophoritis.
A change in the echogenicity of the uterus is a confirmation of the presence of endometriosis. The detection of rounded neoplasms inside this organ indicates the presence of fibroids. A decrease in the size of the uterus is observed with its aplasia. Thickening of the walls of the bladder is observed with cystitis.
Ultrasound examination of the pelvic organs is a widely used method for the rapid diagnosis of their condition. Allows you to identify violations at the initial stage of their development. The procedure is characterized by safety; it does not involve punctures or dissection of tissues. The detected changes that are present in the pelvic organs, the doctor informs the patient during the manipulation of the sensor. The result of the diagnostic procedure is provided immediately.
The principle of operation of the ultrasound device
The tissues of the human body have the so-called acoustic resistance, the value of which depends on their density. When conducting sonography, a beam of electromagnetic waves of the ultrasonic range is sent to the studied area using the sensor-emitter. For the study of the pelvic organs, a frequency of 2.5 ÷ 3.5 MHz is used. The received echoes are displayed on the monitor screen in the form of a two-dimensional image. If necessary, a “picture” from the screen can be printed.
There are several ways to conduct ultrasound OMT:
- Transabdominal ultrasound examination is carried out through the front abdominal wall - the sensor moves along the skin of the abdomen, smeared with a special gel.
- With transrectal ultrasound, the sensor is inserted into the rectum.
- Ta transvaginal OMT study is performed only for women, the sensor is inserted into the vagina.
Intracavitary (rectal and vaginal) sensors are small in size, and therefore the patient does not experience discomfort during the procedure. So, for transvaginal ultrasound imaging, a transducer sensor of about 3 cm in size is used. Intracavitary sensors are placed in a condom to protect the patient from infections.
Before an ultrasound, or Preparing for a pelvic exam
Preparation for the study depends on how the procedure will be performed. In both men and women, pelvic ultrasound can be performed transabdominally, that is, through the anterior abdominal wall. This method of examination is indicated even for virgins and pregnant women. Two days before the ultrasound, it is important to exclude carbonated drinks, legumes, dairy products, raw vegetables and fruits from the diet, as well as to avoid heavy meals. This is necessary in order to prevent gas formation in the intestine, which may interfere with an accurate diagnosis. In addition, the intestines should be cleaned. To do this, you need to put an enema or a glycerin suppository 2-3 hours before the examination of the pelvic organs or take a laxative the day before. 1 hour before transabdominal pelvic ultrasound, you should drink a liter of plain still water so that the bladder is full.
Examination of the pelvic organs in women is also carried out in a transvaginal way. Such preparation does not require preliminary preparation.
In the diagnosis of pelvic organs in both women and men, ultrasound can be performed transrectally, that is, through the anus. The bladder should be full while the intestines are clean. This method of diagnosis in men allows you to most accurately examine the prostate gland and seminal vesicle, and in women - to identify urinary tract diseases. Also, this type of ultrasound is indicated during a biopsy.
During pregnancy, women are given the so-called obstetric ultrasound - it allows you to monitor the condition of the future mother's genitals and the development of the fetus. Ultrasound during pregnancy does not require special preparation, however, on the eve of the pelvic examination, you should refrain from products that promote gas formation and come to the procedure 3-5 hours after eating.
Ultrasound of the pelvic organs has no contraindications, therefore, this procedure is allowed for everyone.
What shows pelvic ultrasound
Indications for the study of OMT using ultrasound are:
- pain (in the genitals, groin, or lower abdomen),
- the presence of blood in the urine,
- problems with urination
- irregularities in women’s menstrual cycle,
- loss of potency in men
- decreased fertility (ability to reproduce offspring).
Ultrasound examination allows you to determine the condition of organs, see congenital and acquired anatomical pathologies, detect diseases such as cystitis (inflammation of the bladder), urethritis (inflammation of the urethra), and the presence of calculi in the bladder. Ultrasound is also prescribed to monitor the effectiveness of treatment of diseases of the genitourinary system.
In men, this examination allows you to assess the state of the reproductive system, to detect pathologies caused by diseases or age-related changes. Men are referred for an ultrasound examination of OMT if there is a suspicion of:
- prostate adenoma (benign glandular hyperplasia),
- prostatitis (inflammation of the prostate gland),
- vesiculitis (inflammation of the seminal vesicles),
- tumor formations.
In women, pelvic ultrasound helps to detect:
- fibroids and other tumors of benign and malignant origin,
- endometritis (inflammation of the uterine mucosa),
- endometriosis (proliferation of the uterine endometrium beyond its borders),
- ovarian cysts
- salpingoophoritis (inflammation of the appendages),
- adhesions of the fallopian tubes,
- ectopic pregnancy.
If you are concerned about any health problem, sign up for a diagnosis. The success of treatment depends on the correct diagnosis.
What can not be done before an ultrasound of the pelvis
The examination has no contraindications. However, there are some restrictions that must be observed before medical manipulation:
- If an X-ray examination of the patient using barium was performed within 2-3 days, then the ultrasound should be postponed. Otherwise, the contrast agent can distort the results of the study.
- Do not drink before a transvaginal examination (exception pregnant women).
- You should refuse to take medications before the procedure.
- You can not eat in the morning before the procedure.
- Diagnosis is prohibited if the patient has jewelry on the examined area (piercing).
Pelvic ultrasound is a painless diagnostic method that requires special training. Experts advise to adhere to dietary nutrition, carry out the procedure on an empty stomach. This will increase the information content of the scan. In a transabdominal examination, it is recommended that you take a pack of napkins with you to thoroughly wipe your stomach.
Cost of pelvic ultrasound
|Name of service||Price, rub.)|
|Primary physician appointment||1500 rub.|
|Therapist re-appointment||1000 rub|
|Primary obstetrician-gynecologist doctor's appointment (MD, MD)||1700 rub.|
|Repeated obstetrician-gynecologist doctor's appointment (MD, MD)||1200 rub.|
|Primary obstetrician-gynecologist appointment||1500 rub.|
|Repeated obstetrician-gynecologist appointment||1000 rub|
|Ultrasound of the pelvic organs in gynecology (transabdominally)||1500 rub.|
|Ultrasound of the pelvic organs in gynecology (transvaginally + transabdominally)||2000 rub.|
When is it best to do pelvic ultrasound and the procedure
To obtain the most accurate diagnostic results, it is important to undergo an examination in a strictly defined time frame. So, in women of reproductive age, pelvic ultrasound is performed on the 5-8th day of the cycle - it is during this period that the clinical picture is presented most clearly. Obstetric Ultrasound usually done thrice - during each trimester of pregnancy. How long and why is it carried out?
- 11-13th week - The main function of the first ultrasound is to diagnose the possible presence of malformations of the embryo.
- 18-21st week - One of the most important tasks of ultrasound remains the identification of congenital malformations of the fetus, the dimensions of the fetus, its organs and systems are measured. During this period, you can determine the gender of the baby.
- Week 30-34 - the size of the fetus is evaluated, their compliance with the gestational age, the position of the fetus in the uterine cavity is determined, which is important for the subsequent determination of the management of labor.
Pelvic ultrasound in men can do at any time.
Preventive ultrasound examination is recommended to be performed both for men and women once a year in order to detect hidden pathologies, and if abnormalities are detected - strictly according to the schedule prescribed by the attending physician.
During the procedure of ultrasound of the pelvic organs using any of the above methods, the patient does not experience any discomfort or pain - modern medical equipment takes into account the anatomical features of the person, and in order to protect the patient from infections, condoms are used with sensors inserted into the vagina or rectum .
- At transabdominal method conducting an ultrasound examination, the patient lies on a couch on his back, the doctor leads the sensor along the studied area of the body. A special gel is applied to the skin in the area of the examined organ, which prevents the formation of air sinuses that impede the penetration of waves, this allows you to display the clearest image on the monitor.
- During transvaginal ultrasound in the pelvic area of women, the sensor is inserted into the vagina, while the patient experiences much less discomfort than during a routine gynecological examination.
- Transrectal ultrasound carried out when the patient lies on a couch on his side, bending his legs at the knees. A small sensor is painlessly inserted directly into the rectum. Ultrasound of the small pelvis lasts an average of 15-20 minutes and is carried out by specialists - sonologists. On ultrasound, the patient is sometimes asked to bring wet wipes, a towel and a diaper with him.
When is it better to do an ultrasound OMT
In order for the results of OMT ultrasound to be the most clear and reliable, women of reproductive age are recommended to undergo this procedure on the 6-8th day after menstruation. Examination at different phases of the monthly cycle is required if monitoring of the dynamics of the development of the disease or monitoring the effectiveness of treatment measures is needed.
So, with a suspicion of endometriosis, an ultrasound scan is done before menstruation, uterine fibroids are more accurately diagnosed after the end of regulation. To monitor the growth and transformation of the follicles (for example, when planning a pregnancy), the procedure is performed three times in the first half of the menstrual cycle. Abdominal ultrasound, if necessary, can be performed during menstruation.
Pregnant women undergo expert pelvic ultrasound, this examination is included in the complex of perinatal screening:
- In the first trimester, for a period of 11-13 weeks, the possible presence of genetic disorders and significant malformations in the embryo is diagnosed.
- In the second trimester, at 18-21 weeks, the size of the fetus and its organs, the correctness of their location are determined. During this period, you can already determine the gender of the child.
- In the last trimester, at 30-34 weeks, an assessment is made of the conformity of the size of the fetus to the gestation period, as well as its position in the uterine cavity. Based on these data, the doctor determines the date of birth and determines the strategy for obstetric measures.
Ultrasound examination for men can be performed at any time, but before undergoing the procedure, both men and women should prepare for it: for several days it is not recommended to smoke, take alcohol, and adhere to certain rules.
Where to get pelvic ultrasound in Moscow?
In the multidisciplinary medical center DoctorStolet you can always undergo an examination - ultrasound of the pelvic organs. Our medical center is located between the metro stations Konkovo and Belyaevo. The road from each of them will take no more than 10 minutes. Here you will find highly qualified personnel and the most advanced diagnostic equipment. Pleasantly surprised by our customers and quite affordable prices.
Deciphering the results
The data of ultrasound examinations are recorded in the protocol, which is a doctor of the corresponding specialization: gynecologist or urologist. The density of tissues and the state of the structure of organs, the correspondence of their size to the norm, the presence of pathological changes, calculi or neoplasms are evaluated. The heterogeneity of the structure or the enlargement of the organ in size or the thickening of its walls indicates an inflammatory process, the appearance of inclusions may indicate a tumor process.
For each of the examined organs, the results are deciphered separately. So, the following are considered normal indicators for the organs of the reproductive system:
- The uterus чет contours are clear, the structure is homogeneous, the size of the organ is 5x3.5x4.5 cm.
- The ovaries - the echostructure is homogeneous, dimensions 1.9x3.6x2.6 cm.
- The prostate gland (in men of reproductive age) is a homogeneous structure, sizes 30 ÷ 40 x23 ÷ 35x1.5 ÷ 25 mm.
How often can you do an ultrasound OMT
The ultrasound procedure is harmless to the body, therefore, it does not have restrictions on the timing. For diseases, an ultrasound is prescribed by a doctor, during pregnancy an ultrasound examination is included in the screening program. For the purpose of prevention, it is recommended that men and women go through this procedure once a year. Equipment for its implementation is available in almost every clinic or medical center. In state medical institutions, ultrasound is done for free, in private clinics and diagnostic centers, you need to pay from 800 to 1000 rubles for it. Echography data are considered reliable within 30 days.
This article is posted solely for educational purposes, does not replace the appointment with a doctor and cannot be used for self-diagnosis.