What happens to mom and baby at 5 weeks gestation?

5 obstetric week of pregnancy coincides with 3 weeks from the date of conception. It was at this time that most women find out about their situation due to the delay in their next menstruation.

At the 5th week of pregnancy, the fetus is still tiny: its weight is less than a gram, and its length is not more than 5 mm. The embryo looks like a tadpole, it looks like a disk, divided in half by an axis - the future spine of the child.

What happens to the embryo:

  • the nervous system is formed: the neural tube of the fetus is formed, which is subsequently converted into the spinal cord,
  • the cardiovascular system is actively laid: the heart becomes four-chamber and begins to contract, blood vessels form,
  • lungs and kidneys, liver and thyroid gland begin to form,
  • the rudiments of the tongue appear
  • the placenta begins its formation,
  • primary germ cells are produced,
  • the airway system is laid.
Embryo at 5 weeks gestation

Feel

Outwardly, no changes are observed, but inside the body there are changes associated with an increase in the hormones estrogen and progesterone.

Estrogen prepares the body of the expectant mother for childbirth. The uterus grows in size, the mammary glands become more sensitive and also increase, there is preparation for lactation. Under the influence of this estrogen, a woman may feel dizziness and headaches.

The role of progesterone is to maintain pregnancy. The hormone has a relaxing effect on the muscles of the uterus, preventing a possible miscarriage, intestinal motility can also slow down, which is manifested by constipation and heartburn.

Also at 5 weeks of gestation, a woman may be disturbed by:

  • early toxicosis
  • a slight increase in body temperature (up to 37.3 °),
  • drowsiness and chronic fatigue, which arise due to the fact that the body spends a lot of energy on the development of the fetus.
  • minor spotting
  • mood swings.

Toxicosis

The 5th week of pregnancy can be marked by the onset of toxicosis. Women with multiple pregnancy more often than others face this unpleasant phenomenon. Toxicosis is caused by changes in the hormonal background and in the functioning of the nervous system.

This condition is expressed by nausea, vomiting, weakness, irritability, drowsiness, weight loss.

Exist 3 severity of toxicosis:

  • Easy. Vomiting occurs no more than 5 times a day, mainly after eating and if the pregnant woman feels an unpleasant odor. Weight loss - no more than 3 kilograms. The condition is satisfactory, the tests are normal.
  • Medium heavy. Vomiting disturbs from 6 to 10 times a day. A woman loses weight from 3 to 5 kilograms. Weakness and dizziness, a state of chronic fatigue, and low blood pressure may occur. According to the test results, acetone is present in the urine.
  • Heavy. Vomiting worries constantly (up to 25 times a day), a pregnant woman wakes up at night from vomiting reflexes. Weight loss reaches 10 kilograms. Severe dehydration of the body occurs, body temperature can increase. Blood pressure lowered. In the urine, acetone and protein are present.

The presence of toxicosis 2 or 3 degrees involves treatment in a hospital.

The doctor may prescribe:

  • droppers to make up for the loss of fluid in the body of the expectant mother,
  • antihistamines, hepatoprotectors that protect liver cells from damage,
  • vitamins B and C,
  • drugs to normalize metabolism.

Stomach

In most pregnant women, the lower abdomen is pulled at 5 weeks. This can happen because the uterus begins to increase in size and the muscles and ligaments that support it are stretched.More frequent rest will help to avoid uncomfortable sensations. Also, unpleasant sensations in the lower abdomen are often associated with an intestinal upset, which is a common situation at this time. In this case, a woman should review the diet, in consultation with a doctor.

Too much discomfort and pain in the lower abdomen indicates uterine hypertonicity, which means a risk of abortion. If the pain is accompanied by pink, brown or bloody discharge, you must consult a doctor.

Discharge

At 5 weeks of pregnancy, normal discharge is more abundant than usual, they are transparent in color or have a whitish hue. Sometimes a variant of the norm is minor bleeding, reminiscent of menstruation, which is referred to in obstetric practice as "washing the fetus." However, whether they really are, only the doctor can tell.

Curd, or discharge with a greenish or yellowish tinge, indicate the presence of infection. Any bloody, pink or dark brown discharge, especially accompanied by discomfort or pain, can indicate a threat of miscarriage or an ectopic pregnancy.

Pregnancy test

This is an affordable, easy and reliable way to detect pregnancy. Tes determines the level of the hCG hormone in a woman’s urine. If it is elevated, the pregnancy test is positive. Despite the high accuracy of the test, there are cases where the result is not reliable. If there is a delay in menstruation, and the test shows a negative result, it is better to hedge and buy an additional one.

Increased levels of hCG hormone in the urine or blood indicate that the woman is pregnant. A hCG blood test is an alternative way to detect pregnancy, because the level of this hormone in the blood is much higher than in the urine. In the normal course of pregnancy, the level of hCG is doubled daily. With various deviations, the attending physician directs the pregnant woman to an ultrasound scan.

A period of 5 weeks does not imply a planned ultrasound, but often the first study is carried out precisely in this period of time in order to accurately determine whether a pregnancy is or not. Also, when undergoing an ultrasound, the size of the uterus, the number of fetal eggs, their size and shape, the heartbeat of the fetus are determined.

Medical indications for ultrasound:

  • blood discharge
  • pain in the lower abdomen
  • application for the conception of assisted reproductive technologies,
  • history of tubal surgery,
  • clarification of the term.

How is the development of the unborn child?

At the beginning of pregnancy, the fetus grows literally "not by the day, but by the hour." In the fifth week, he had already managed to turn from a spherical fetal egg into an embryo, resembling a tadpole in its appearance.

In the third week after conception, the development of extra-embryonic organs necessary for the life support of the embryo continues actively. If last week the chorionic villi represented normal protrusions, now each of them has a capillary, that is, the development of the circulatory system of the fetus begins, which will be combined with the circulatory system of the mother.

That is, if before the embryo received nutrition from the membranes of the fetal egg, now the maternal organism will provide it. Until birth, the fetus will receive nutrients from the mother’s blood.

Thus, the 5th week of pregnancy is the period when the uteroplacental circulation begins to develop. The primary placenta is formed from the chorion formed from the fetal egg. However, while the placenta cannot provide full protection for the embryo, the fetus is therefore very vulnerable.

Advice! From the moment the fetal egg is fixed in the uterus and until the final formation of the placenta, the fetus is in no way protected from the effects of toxic substances that may appear in the mother’s blood. Therefore, pregnant women should strictly not drink alcohol, smoke or be in smoking rooms.

Dimensions

If the gestational age is five weeks, then the size of the fetus is comparable to a grain of rice. Its weight is a little more than one gram, and its size is about three millimeters. The membranes of the fetal egg by this time have already managed to form a bubble, which is filled with amniotic fluid. This liquid will become the habitat of the unborn child, it will protect the fetus from possible mechanical damage and ensure its comfortable development.

Advice! When performing ultrasound in the early stages, the coccygeal-parietal size is measured, that is, the size from the toe to the coccyx, the length of the legs is not taken into account. Therefore, it makes sense to determine the size of the fetus only until the gestational age has exceeded 12-13 weeks. Further measurements are technically difficult, since the fetus is in a bent position, in addition, measuring growth does not have much clinical significance.

Appearance

If the gestational age is already five weeks, then an embryo has already formed in place of the spherical fetal egg. Outwardly, it looks like a disk, divided by a strip in half. This strip is the axis of symmetry of the body of the future man, that is, the future spine. At this time, the fetus already has the rudiments of some internal organs. His respiratory and digestive systems begin to form.

If the contour of the fetal egg resembled a ball, then the fetus in the fifth week can be compared with the crescent or letter C. He can already distinguish the place where the head will form. But the most significant event, which is significant for the fifth week, is the formation of the future heart. By the end of this or by the beginning of next week during an ultrasound scan, it will already be possible to notice that the heart of the fetus has begun to beat, now it will be reduced to the end of a person’s life.

In addition, the fifth week is the period during which the active development of the nervous system occurs. At this time, the neural tube formed from the outer membrane of the fetal egg closes. This tube will eventually become the spinal cord. Three pronounced thickenings appear on it, which are called brain bubbles.

At this time, the yolk sac of the ovum begins to produce primary germ cells. These cells are called gonoblasts, after a while they will become the beginnings of the ovum, if the fetus is female, or sperm, if the boy is conceived. In the fifth week, male glands begin to form in the male embryo. A little later, they will begin the synthesis of testosterone, which will ensure further development of the male type.

What does the expectant mother feel?

In the fifth obstetric or in the third week after conception, women, as a rule, no longer have doubts that pregnancy has occurred. Of course, the size of the abdomen has not yet increased, and there are no other external signs.

However, a pregnant woman may already notice characteristic symptoms, the most significant of which is physiological amenorrhea (lack of menstruation). The remaining signs are very subjective. Some women do not feel anything special, but most note the following symptoms:

  • nervousness, tearfulness, emotional imbalance,
  • drowsiness, frequent urination,
  • signs of toxicosis - nausea in the morning, a change in taste preferences, a sharp reaction to smells, etc.,
  • breast engorgement, breast size may increase slightly.

Sometimes women report that their lower abdomen hurts. If the pain is not intense and has a pulling character, then this is most likely the norm that does not require treatment. However, if the lower abdomen hurts severely, and besides, brown, pink or bloody discharge appears, then you need to see a doctor.

If an ultrasound scan is scheduled for 5 weeks of pregnancy, then the study will determine the place of attachment of the embryo in the uterus, and by the end of the week you can see the heartbeat.

Advice! If the gestational age has exceeded 5 weeks and an ultrasound scan did not reveal a heartbeat, this does not mean that the baby is developing incorrectly. Rather, the problem is the capabilities of the equipment for the study.

Hormonal status changes

From the moment of conception, a serious hormonal restructuring begins in the body of a woman. In the diagnosis and monitoring of pregnancy, the level of hormones such as progesterone and hCG is of greatest clinical importance. We will figure out what is the norm of the content of these hormones and what threatens if the norm is reduced.

The hormone progesterone begins to be produced from the very beginning of pregnancy. First, progesterone produces the corpus luteum, and starting from the second trimester, the placenta takes over this function. Throughout pregnancy, the level of homon is constantly growing. What are the functions of progesterone and what threatens if the level of the hormone is low?

  • Helps maintain pregnancy. The hormone progesterone removes the tone of the uterus, prepares the body for the fact that the size of the uterus will be significantly increased.
  • Prepares the breast for lactation. The hormone progesterone promotes breast growth, expansion of the milk ducts, and colostrum production.
  • It has a general effect on the mother's body. Improves sleep and appetite, regulates metabolic processes, affects the endocrine system.

Progesterone also has an important effect on the fetus. If the hormone level is low, then the female body can perceive the embryo as a foreign body and reject it. If the gestational age is five weeks, then the norm of the hormone content is from 12 to 18.2 ng / ml.

Advice! Please note that different methods may be used when performing progesterone tests in different laboratories. Therefore, the norm may differ from the above values. Be sure to pay attention to the values ​​indicated on the laboratory letterhead in the “normal” column.

If the hormone level is low, then the doctor may prescribe artificial progesterone. However, taking progesterone, as well as any other drugs, is impossible without prescribing. A high level of hormones is no less dangerous than a low one.

Another hormone whose level must be controlled at the beginning of pregnancy is hCG. By measuring the level of hCG in the blood, pregnancy can be determined even before the delay.

In the urine, the level of hCG does not grow so fast, so pregnancy tests for up to 5 weeks often show unreliable results. However, in the fifth week, the level of hCG is already so high that you can safely use the test.

At the very beginning of pregnancy, the level of hCG doubles every two days, and this is the norm for this period. Starting from 5 or 6 weeks, the content of hCG is not growing so rapidly, its concentration doubles every three days.

Advice! The hCG concentration reaches peak values ​​by 8-10 weeks, then the norm of hCG content begins to decrease.

For 5-6 weeks of pregnancy, the hCG content is 1110-31500 mIU / ml

Health problems of the expectant mother

There are medical problems that can provoke an early miscarriage:

  • Genetic. Such violations are associated with changes in the number of chromosomes and gene mutations. For example, Down syndrome refers to this type of disorder. In most cases, a pregnancy with such pathologies "freezes" (fetal death of the embryo), or is interrupted. If pregnancy continues, then the baby is born with serious malformations.
  • Infectious. In the early stages, the unborn child is very vulnerable, therefore infections (cytomegalovirus, rubella, herpes), even acute respiratory viral infections, can cause a miscarriage.
  • Endocrine. The corpus luteum is an endocrine gland that produces the hormone progesterone. This hormone is especially important for the development of an embryo in the womb. If the gland does not produce enough hormone, then there is a threat of abortion.In such situations, the doctor prescribes special hormonal drugs.
  • Immunological. Any autoimmune process in the initial stages can cause disturbances in the development of the embryo. In this case, the woman’s immune system begins to produce antibodies to her own cells, perceiving them as foreign. Also, the cause of a miscarriage may be the identity of future parents in the system of immune compatibility.
  • Uterine. The threat of abortion may occur due to abnormalities in the development of the uterus (arched shape, bending, doubling, etc.)

Severe stresses, bad habits, irregular daily routine, work in hazardous workplaces can also provoke a miscarriage.

Nutrition

Proper and balanced nutrition is one of the conditions for a favorable pregnancy.

At 5 weeks and throughout pregnancy in the diet should be present:

  • a lot of vegetables and fruits (about a third of all daily food),
  • greens,
  • dairy and sour-milk products (low-fat cheeses, cottage cheese, kefir, “live” yoghurts), rich in calcium,
  • nuts, dried fruits and legumes,
  • low-fat varieties of fish and meat.

During cooking, it is advisable to prefer stewing, cooking or steaming foods. Smoked and spicy dishes, coffee, strong tea should be excluded from the diet. Honey, chocolate and citrus fruits should be consumed in limited quantities or completely excluded by consulting with a gynecologist. When choosing products, it is worth giving preference to products that include natural ingredients.

To obtain all the necessary vitamins and minerals, a woman should take special vitamins for pregnant women, folic acid and iodine preparations, be sure to consult a doctor.

5 weeks of pregnancy: what happens at a given time

By medical standards, 5 weeks from conception are considered the 7th obstetric week. A pregnancy test with a sensitivity of 25 mIU / ml will already show the result with a “+” sign due to the high concentration in the blood of hCG - the hormone of pregnancy.

  • The uterus is still small in size. But in her muscular membrane (myometrium) new fibers are formed daily, due to which her gradual growth occurs. Increasing, the organ begins to put pressure on the rectum and bladder, causing the pregnant woman to run to the toilet more often.
  • Corpus luteum hormone - progesterone is gradually increasing. By the beginning of the second month of bearing a child, it reduces the immune response in a pregnant woman to allow her body to safely accept an embryo. Due to the "hormonal explosion" a woman is faced with mood swings, increased fatigue and irritability.
  • From the 5th week, the umbilical cord appears between the mother and the embryo, due to which the female body undergoes changes. From this moment, the pregnant woman can notice various manifestations of her interesting situation: the appearance of nausea in the morning, an increase and tenderness of the mammary glands, and a darkening of the area around the nipples (areola).

Physical activity

5th week of pregnancy is a very short period for which there is a high risk of miscarriage. In this regard, physical activity should be minimal and light.

The best option for physical activity is walking in the fresh air. Leisurely walking for 1-2 hours a day will not only cheer you up, but also saturate your body with oxygen, strengthen your muscles and improve blood circulation. All this has a beneficial effect on the development of the child in the womb. Walking is best in a park or forest, away from busy roads.

Complexes of breathing exercises and some elements of yoga also have a beneficial effect on the general physical condition of a pregnant woman.

For the full development of the unborn child, it is important for the woman to observe the sleep regimen: 8-10 hours of night rest and timely bedtime.

Intimate life

In many women, at the 5th week of pregnancy, attraction, desire for intimacy due to toxicosis, general weakness and malaise are greatly reduced. Nevertheless, an intimate life at this time is allowed, but only with the well-being of the woman and the absence of a prohibition of the gynecologist. If you experience pain or discomfort, you should refrain from intimacy. It is important for a partner to be especially attentive to his woman, accurate and gentle.

The beginning of pregnancy is a very serious and crucial stage for every woman. Despite the fact that the stomach has not yet increased, constant changes occur in the body, and the future baby is already actively developing. In addition, at 5 weeks gestation, the embryo is still tiny and has no protection in the form of a placenta. Therefore, with a positive test result, you should immediately consult a doctor who will monitor the fetal development process and, in case of ailments, will provide the expectant mother with qualified medical care.

What is important in the fetus?

  • the neural tube is transformed into the spinal cord and spinal tissue,
  • the heart becomes four-chamber, valves begin to form,
  • originates the most important process of placenta formation,
  • the rudiments of the tongue, parts of the lungs, pancreas,
  • the esophagus is separated from the trachea and becomes clearly visible,
  • the size of the auditory vesicles increases
  • the development of the lens continues
  • olfactory (nasal) fossae are laid,
  • gonads are formed.

How is the development of the fetus

In the first month of pregnancy, the length of the embryo is on average 5.5 mm. At the age of 32-33 days, the upper limbs are lengthened, the formation of hands and innervation of the hands are planned. A chord (future spine) and a neural plate are formed at the embryo, from which its entire nervous system will be formed.

A child at 5 weeks is more like a tadpole than a man. It is folded into an arc, a neck bend is visible, the head almost touches the tip of a long “tail”. Blood flows in its vessels, which exchanges blood with the forming placenta through the rudiment of the umbilical cord. The membranes of the embryo begin to produce amniotic fluid, in which the baby will live in the mother’s womb until birth.

Changes in the body of the expectant mother at week 5

A small life grows inside a woman, and changes in her body occur every day, although pregnancy is still invisible to the mother herself and those around her. The uterus, which was smaller than mandarin before pregnancy, begins to grow; by six weeks it will be larger than a large chicken egg. The chest becomes painful and very sensitive.

0.5 - 1 kg

2500 - 151 000 mIU / ml

Parameters of a pregnant womanIndicators for this period
Weight gain (from the beginning of pregnancy)
HCG in the blood
The rate of progesterone in the first trimester9-47 ng / ml - 28.5-150 nmol / l

What does the stomach look like?

The external manifestations of the fact that life was born within do not have to wait. A photo of the abdomen at 5 weeks gestation is no different from what it was a month ago in a “pre-pregnant” state. The uterus of small sizes has not yet risen up, so it is still completely impossible to recognize an interesting position in the appearance of a woman, even if it is a repeated pregnancy. But an increase or decrease in weight of ± 1 kg is quite possible.

What does a woman feel during this period of bearing a child

At the 5th obstetric week, a woman's sensations can manifest themselves very clearly, in the form of increased emotional sensitivity, moodiness, irritability. In many cases, the expectant mother does not at all feel changes in her condition, until the moment when the tummy begins to grow. Everything is purely individual, but nevertheless, some typical emotional sensations can be distinguished. These include:

  1. acute reaction to the most harmless domestic situations, tearfulness for no reason,
  2. emotions "over the edge" that arise completely unpredictably - anything can cause either an attack of joy or tears,
  3. mood is unstable, changes many times during the day.

What can bother the expectant mother in the middle of the first trimester

Signs and sensations of a physical nature confirm that under the heart a woman wears a small growing man. Of the most common can be noted:

  • constant uncontrolled drowsiness,
  • inability to concentrate at the right time
  • the appearance of atypical fatigue, rolling even after morning awakening,
  • soreness in the chest, habitual underwear becomes uncomfortable,
  • the first signs of toxicosis make themselves felt: the nose becomes sensitive to odors, previously favorite foods cause nausea, appetite disappears, it becomes unbearably bad in transport, etc.

If the conception was planned, then the listed signs will only be proof that everything worked out and there is a pregnancy. Otherwise, the woman may not be aware of her situation, and attribute the symptoms and malaise to other circumstances. This often happens with an irregular menstrual cycle.

5th week of pregnancy - mom’s diary (video):

Pregnant menu at 5 weeks

The child’s health is laid down literally from the first weeks of fetal life, so a woman needs to take care of good nutrition. From week 5, it's time to start a healthy lifestyle, to acquire healthy eating habits. For example, include a variety of cereals in your diet, supplementing them with dried fruits, nuts and berries. Vegetables and fruits should prevail in everyday food, at least 1/3 of the total amount of daily food. For sweets, marshmallows, marshmallows and natural marmalade are preferred.

Do I need to keep myself from the vagaries of food?

In the first trimester, food preferences often change, and a woman can quite "pull on the salty." Do not limit yourself to wanting to eat something specific - now a pregnant woman can afford to eat almost anything she wants, but just not forgetting about a sense of proportion. For the intestines to work like clockwork, eat foods high in plant fibers daily (whole grain bread, legumes, cereals).

EatingFood and drink options
First breakfastMuesli with milk, a cheese and butter sandwich, tea
LunchLight curd dessert, juice or compote
DinnerFresh vegetable salad, chicken noodle soup, slice of bread, vitamin drink or compote
High teaUnsweetened cracker, banana, sour-milk drink
DinnerOven-baked sea fish, stew with potatoes, eggplant and tomatoes, a slice of bread, weak tea
Before bedtimeNatural cottage cheese with 1 tbsp. sour cream or other fermented milk product (kefir, yogurt)

Calcium for the period of carrying a child is your best friend, so enrich the menu with dairy and sour-milk products. Nonfat cheese, cottage cheese, “live” yoghurts and drinks (kefir, acidophilus, etc.) are especially useful. Also, at the beginning of pregnancy, folic acid and iodine are very important for the prevention of fetal malformations, so take care about choosing multivitamins.

Relaxation

In order for the baby to develop comfortably and receive the necessary amount of nutrients and oxygen, which come to him through maternal blood, sufficient time should be devoted to rest and sleep. 8-10 hours of sleep per day is the minimum that a future mother should adhere to. If possible, go to bed early, try to relax more during the day. Before going to bed, it will be good to walk in the fresh air with your spouse.

How to calculate the timing of pregnancy

First of all, you should understand the timing of pregnancy, because many women confuse the obstetric and fetal periods. The second is always less than the first by 2 weeks. The fact is that doctors count the obstetric period from the first day of the last menstruation.In this case, the first 2 weeks of the cycle is conventionally considered pregnancy, while the uterus is only preparing for implantation of a fertilized egg. Fertilization most likely occurs during ovulation, i.e. about 2 weeks after the last menstruation in a woman. From this moment, the fetal developmental period of the fetus is calculated (provided that conception has occurred). That is why the 5th obstetric week of pregnancy and the 3rd embryonic week mean the same period. A full-term pregnancy lasts 40 weeks from the first day of the last menstruation, which is 10 months by obstetric term, a full-term pregnancy by embryonic term lasts 38 weeks, which is 9 months.

What happens to the fetus at 5 weeks gestation

Gradually, day after day, the child turns from a bunch of cells organized in a C-shape into a small organism. At 5 weeks of pregnancy, the size of the fetus is about a quarter or half a centimeter in length and looks like a tadpole. Its average weight is now only 3-4 grams, but it can already be said with confidence that this is a full-fledged organism. The fetus at the 5th week of pregnancy has the makings of the nervous, cardiovascular, digestive and other systems of the body and will now grow and develop. Right now, the future baby will experience a maximum growth spurt. All its main organs, including the intestines, kidneys and liver, are actively growing and developing. The neural tube that connects the fetal brain to the spinal cord will close this week. All internal changes occur simultaneously with the external ones: the makings of the mouth, eyes appear, tiny kidneys - fingers form on the hands and feet of the unborn baby. Heart, brain, spine - everything is developing very rapidly.

At a period of 5 weeks, a woman should start taking vitamins, and especially folic acid, which is necessary for the correct formation of the central nervous system, brain and spinal cord. Metabolism of the fetus is through the amniotic fluid with which it is surrounded. In addition, she is involved in the formation of the nutritional process of the embryo, its psycho-emotional state, which is transmitted to it from the mother.

Features of fetal heart rate at 5 weeks

When the 5th week of pregnancy goes, the baby’s heart consists of two tiny channels called the heart tubes. They are already actively working, but already at the end of the week, continuing to form, the tubes will join together and form a fully functioning heart. The heart rate during this period is high and chaotic. The 5th week of pregnancy is final at the stage of embryonic development of the fetus. After a few days, the child's heart will begin to beat. If the doctor prescribes an ultrasound within 5 weeks of pregnancy, then on the monitor you can see rhythmic flicker.

What happens in a woman’s body

When pregnancy occurs, a woman’s body undergoes many changes, undergoes hormonal changes, which can slightly affect her health. When there is 5 weeks of pregnancy, the feelings of the expectant mother are not much different from her usual state. However, some features can already take place, and they make themselves felt already at such a short time. This is precisely what causes the woman’s increased interest in what features for her body carry the 5th week of pregnancy, what happens in the mother’s body itself and how the baby develops. All this worries the expectant mother.

Hormonal changes

At 5 weeks of pregnancy, her signs are not yet particularly pronounced. The early symptoms include the lack of regular menstruation in a woman and a change in her psycho-emotional state. In the body of the expectant mother, a number of changes occur as early as 5 weeks of pregnancy. Signs of it still do not appear externally, so women with an irregular cycle may not even be aware of this.In the blood, the concentration of the hormone of pregnancy, the chorionic gonadotropin, is constantly increasing. During this period, everything that happens with the woman’s body is accompanied by a change in the hormonal background. It is this “strong cocktail” of chemicals that will be responsible for well-being, mood, sensations and other changes in the body of a woman in the next few months. Chorionic gonadotropin suppresses the mother’s immune system to reduce the chance of fetal rejection by her body. Some hormones are less active, others, on the contrary, but together they represent the basis of the causes of morning sickness, when there is 5 weeks of pregnancy. What happens to a woman at this time? In the mornings, she is tormented by bouts of nausea, vomiting, a sudden change of mood may occur during the day, drowsiness, increased fatigue and sensitivity to smells, as well as a change in taste (however, this may not be). These symptoms can last up to 12 weeks, after which they disappear as suddenly as they appeared.

Changes in the uterus and breast

5 obstetric week of pregnancy is characterized by the appearance of some changes in the body of a woman. The placenta and amniotic sac continue to form, which causes a feeling of a full uterus. The abdomen at the 5th week of pregnancy is still invisible, but a woman may feel some bursting, which prevents her from lying freely on him. This is due to an increase in blood supply to the uterus, which has already managed to increase to such a size that an experienced doctor will be able to diagnose pregnancy upon examination. The breast becomes more sensitive than usual, and slightly increases in size. All this prevents a woman from sleeping on her stomach from the first weeks of pregnancy.

Psycho-emotional changes in women

In addition to the foregoing, some psycho-emotional breakdowns may occur in women at this time. Already there is an aversion to certain foods, drinks, smells, which is accompanied by bouts of nausea and vomiting. Some women report a change in taste, increased or decreased appetite.

During the day, a pregnant woman can change her mood several times, sometimes even with minor exertion a woman feels overwhelmed, tired. There are headaches, as well as increased tearfulness. A future mother should not be upset due to the manifestation of all these symptoms and remember that all this will not last forever, but only until the female body gets used to its new state.

Pain during pregnancy at 5 weeks

When there is 5 weeks of pregnancy, the sensations in a woman can be painful as well. Pain in the abdomen is associated with a violation of intestinal motility, which occurs as a result of the restructuring of the hormonal background of the whole organism. A constantly growing uterus puts pressure on the internal organs of the abdominal cavity, which causes discomfort in a woman.

There is another unpleasant moment in the period when there is 5 week of pregnancy. The abdomen is usually pulled when hypertonicity of the uterus occurs, and there is a threat of miscarriage. In this case, the woman is recommended: rest, refusal of sex, bed rest. If painful sensations are accompanied by spotting, you should immediately seek help at the hospital. Also already at this time, the doctor will recommend giving up heels and switching to more comfortable soft shoes with low heels.

Lumbar pain at 5 weeks can be confused with the precursors of menstruation, at this time, slight brownish discharge may appear. If a woman suspects pregnancy, then such discharge should alert her and also become an occasion for a visit to a gynecologist.

Recommended tests at 5 weeks gestation

If you suspect a possible pregnancy, you should take tests to dispel all doubts.One of the first is a test for determining the human hormone human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) in the blood. If necessary, you can donate blood for analysis within a week and a half from the date of the proposed conception. By week 5, the concentration of this hormone also rises in the urine, which allows you to do a home test to determine pregnancy. Tests can be purchased at any pharmacy.

After the pregnancy is confirmed, you should go to the antenatal clinic and get directions for blood and urine tests, to determine the Rh factor, blood type, its coagulability and a whole list of necessary tests when registering a woman. All this will determine the state of health of the expectant mother. Pregnancy hormone tests can be taken again if there is a threat of termination.

When to register

The risk of miscarriage is highest at 5 weeks of gestation, the signs of which are still small enough for a woman to appreciate the seriousness of the situation. As a rule, she perceives uterine bleeding at this time as another menstruation. The reason for premature termination of pregnancy at 5 weeks is associated with a high content of male sex hormones in the female body (especially in a woman with a large physique, overweight, and vegetation on the body). That is why it is very important to begin to be observed at the local gynecologist as early as possible. The registration period is considered to be 2 months, however, women with the above problems should already think about getting medical help as soon as possible within 5 weeks. Before the first visit to the gynecologist, it is important to interview relatives about hereditary and chronic diseases.

The need for ultrasound at 5 weeks of gestation

Despite the fact that the 5th week of pregnancy can be determined at the examination by a gynecologist, it is recommended to undergo an ultrasound examination as well. Thanks to this procedure, you can not only confirm the presence of pregnancy, but also determine the number of fetal eggs, the exact size of the uterus, the place of attachment of the fetus to the walls of the uterus and other important parameters. Moreover, an experienced doctor will be able to analyze the life of the fetus by its heart rate and physical activity and give the future mother useful recommendations regarding diet, labor and rest.

Work

Five weeks is the time when the expectant mother does not yet have “full force” toxicosis, but the first manifestations of pregnancy are already making themselves felt. I constantly want to sleep, there is no appetite and everyone around seems to have conspired, not understanding what is happening to a woman who was previously energetic and full of energy. You should not do “labor feats” if there is no physical possibility, you should bring a certificate from the antenatal clinic confirming pregnancy, and the employer will provide more comfortable and easier working conditions.

Intimate relationship

At 5-6 weeks, women often begin to suffer from toxicosis and a sharp change in mood. Weakness, malaise and a general "aversion to life" - these signs can be described in this period of pregnancy. At this time, female libido for obvious reasons is reduced. Nature herself took care of this, because the risk of losing a child in the first 12 weeks is much higher than in the next two trimesters.

According to obstetricians and gynecologists, intimacy may be present at the beginning of pregnancy, but only if the actions are neat and non-aggressive. With good health, the future mother’s personal life can continue in the same way as before, only with a more attentive attitude of the partner.

Recommendations for expectant mothers

An unborn baby (5 weeks pregnant) requires mom to follow some recommendations. The health of the baby depends on how disciplined the pregnant woman is.

First of all, you should take care of proper nutrition.The diet should be selected so that the child receives all the nutrients, vitamins and minerals he needs for normal development and formation. If you learn to eat regularly in small portions and the right food, you can prevent not only intestinal or stomach upsets, but also nausea. At this stage in the development of the baby, vitamins C, E, D, folic acid are useful to him. The source of these vitamins are oranges, kiwi, red pepper, blackcurrant, sea fish, meat, eggs. Eat foods with caution so as not to become the culprit of an allergy in a child. Nutrition needs to be adjusted taking into account well-being and preferences, as well as the usefulness of certain products. You should immediately abandon simple carbohydrates, which will only give an increase in weight, and this can say badly during the entire pregnancy, and on the health of the child.

As already mentioned, the first weeks of pregnancy are characterized by a decrease in immunity, so at this time there is an increased risk of contracting a viral infection or just catch a cold. It is important to remember that at the 5th week the child's vital organs and systems are laid. The use of drugs to treat even a common cold should be agreed with the doctor. At the first symptoms of malaise, rinse the nasal passages with saline or soda solution to wash off the infection from the mucous membranes, gargle, drink more warm clean water and be sure to seek help from a medical institution.

It is very important if mom will strengthen the body with feasible physical activity, if there are no contraindications for this. You can sign up for yoga or physiotherapy exercises for pregnant women. The main thing is not to overwork and not worry.

Refusal of bad habits should be one of the first decisions of a pregnant woman, because now she is responsible for the favorable development and formation of her baby. In addition, it is important to avoid smoking areas, as passive smokers receive the same dose of nicotine as active ones.

Threats to abort at 5 weeks: what you need to know

There are a number of medical problems that can complicate the course of pregnancy, and even provoke its termination at an early stage. Consider them in more detail in the table below.

CausesDescription
GeneticAccording to statistics, most miscarriages for a period of 5-12 weeks are a direct consequence of gene and chromosomal mutations. Violations can be associated both with a decrease in the number of chromosomes (for example, Shereshevsky-Turner syndrome), and with a pathological increase in their number (Down syndrome, etc.). Pregnancy with a similar pathology freezes or is interrupted at a very short time, often before the delay of menstruation. If pregnancy in the presence of chromosomal abnormalities continues to develop, then the baby is born with various malformations.
EndocrineIn the early stages, the normal functioning of the corpus luteum is important. This endocrine gland produces progesterone, the main hormone associated with embryo development during pregnancy. If a woman’s body is deficient in this hormone, there is a direct threat of miscarriage. To treat this pathology, doctors use hormonal preparations containing synthetic progesterone.
InfectiousIn the first trimester, various infections have serious consequences for the embryo, including and viral. ARVI, even in a mild form, can “disrupt” a pregnancy and provoke a miscarriage. Bacterial infections during exacerbation also lead to the threat of losing a child in the early stages.
ThrombophilicWith an increase in the period of carrying a baby in a woman, blood coagulation also increases. This mechanism of protection against acute blood loss is provided by nature itself.But it happens that platelet coagulation factors become abundant, which provokes the appearance of small blood clots. Blood clots disrupt the blood flow, thrombosis of the vessels of the umbilical cord occurs, which leads to the death of the fetus.
ImmunologicalAny autoimmune process during the first trimester can cause serious disturbances in the embryo. The mother’s immune system in this case begins to “attack” (produce antibodies) its own cells and tissues, perceiving them as foreign. Also, pregnancy is often terminated early, if the parents of the unborn baby are identical in the HLA immune system. In this case, the female body is not able to protect the life growing in the womb from immune aggression.
UterineA threat of miscarriage can occur due to abnormalities in the development of the uterus in a woman. Such can be: a doubling of the uterus, separate bodies and cervix of the uterus, an arched uterus, etc. Vices limit the ability of the female organ to stretch, as a result of which the fetus becomes impossible to develop, and it dies.

What else can provoke a threat of miscarriage:

  • the presence of bad habits in a pregnant woman (smoking, drinking alcohol, etc.),
  • socio-biological factors (work in hazardous industries, irregular daily routine, high physical activity),
  • stressful situations.

Preserving pregnancy early (video):

When to sound the alarm

Pain is the main symptom of the threat of termination of pregnancy, regardless of which the obstetric week counts. Sensations at the time of a dangerous condition can be very different: they are caused by the severity of the woman's condition and the individual threshold of pain sensitivity. Light pulling pains in the lower abdomen or severe attacks even with a slight tone of the uterus - all this indicates an emerging pathology of pregnancy.

What to do if you have symptoms of a miscarriage

In order to make a diagnosis, you need to do an ultrasound of the uterus. Examination will show the presence or absence of hypertonicity, the state of the embryo, the appearance of a hematoma, or the detachment of the chorion. If ultrasound does not reveal a pathology, in this case a woman is examined on a gynecological chair in order to identify the root cause of bleeding (the presence of a polyp, erosion, etc.). Such an examination will help determine whether it is really uterine bleeding and whether there is a danger to the development of the fetus. If there is a pronounced threat of abortion, a woman is prescribed treatment therapy in a hospital.

Doctor visits and examinations at week 5

Seeing two treasured stripes on the test, the expectant mother often rushes to a consultation with an obstetrician-gynecologist to confirm pregnancy. The doctor at the first appointment conducts a manual examination and makes notes on the woman’s card about the visit. From this moment on, you need to come to the antenatal clinic at least 1 time per month.

As a rule, specialists do not register for pregnancy at 5 weeks, preferring to wait a period of 10-11 weeks. This is due to the fact that a miscarriage occurring due to incompatible chromosomal abnormalities in the embryo is not ruled out at such an early date. Nevertheless, the doctor gives directions to the necessary tests and examinations, and specifies when a woman should come with the results for registration.

Mandatory list of tests assigned for this period

  • swab from the vagina and cervical canal,
  • general and biochemical blood tests,
  • general urine analysis,
  • coagulogram
  • analysis for determining the blood group and Rh factor,
  • analysis for sexually transmitted diseases and latent infections (HIV, syphilis, hepatitis).

Ultrasound at week 5

Medical indications for ultrasound in the fifth week of pregnancy include:

  • complaints of blood discharge from the female genital tract,
  • severe pain in the lower abdomen with an unclear clinical picture,
  • the need to clarify the gestational age,
  • the use of assisted reproductive technologies,
  • tubal surgery or a history of ectopic pregnancies.

An ultrasound scan for a period of 5 weeks helps to determine the presence of a fetal egg in the uterus, its size and shape. The first photo with an ultrasound will not yet be informative for mom, but it will show the main thing - the nascent life inside her.

Top 7 Tips for 5 Weeks Pregnancy

At a period of 5 obstetric weeks, a woman in most cases finds out that she is in an interesting position. It's time to reconsider habits and lifestyle! It is necessary to exclude coffee and alcohol from the diet, stop smoking. Habitual activity will even require serious analysis: now the expectant mother should avoid serious emotional and physical stress.

To make pregnancy easier in the future, pay attention to the following tips:

  • make sure that your body receives a sufficient amount of fresh vegetables, fruits, fish and red meat. If for some reason there is no way to control your diet, pay attention to multivitamins for pregnant women (the obstetrician-gynecologist will help you choose the best option),
  • remember that doctors call the first 90 days of pregnancy critical for fetal development. Watch your health, maximally putting everything else in the background. Do not heroe! Now more than ever you need more time to relax,
  • any pain in the lower abdomen and spotting at this time are signs of a threat of abortion, miscarriage and other complications. If the stomach pulls strongly (as with menstrual pains), you need to act in this case immediately - call an ambulance!
  • in the fifth week, a woman begins to pursue unpleasant symptoms of toxicosis - nausea, vomiting, drowsiness, lack of appetite. Cool sour drinks - water with lemon, cranberry juice, freshly squeezed citrus juices will help to cope with the sudden nausea. Carbonated drinks, including mineral water, should be avoided. You can alleviate unpleasant sensations by fractional nutrition and in small portions,
  • the mammary glands become sensitive and painful to touch. Seamless linen with cups without foam on a cotton basis will help reduce discomfort,
  • aversion to the usual smells is another manifestation of early toxicosis, which can bring a lot of trouble to the expectant mother. This is a temporary nuisance, and by the end of the first trimester it will pass. In the meantime, try to avoid those aromas that provoke poor health, often ventilate the room where you are and go out into the fresh air,
  • for pet lovers, it’s best to temporarily entrust the care of pets to other family members. Especially if there is a cat in the house, the animal can be a carrier of a disease dangerous to the fetus called toxoplasmosis.

Fetal development

The size of the child is 4-5 mm. The embryo begins to form organs. Day by day, development is becoming more complicated. At the beginning of the week, the child will form a neural tube - the basis for the development of the central nervous system. It is located along the length of the entire organism of the embryo and makes it possible to develop the brain and spinal cord.

The cardiovascular system will begin to develop. In the front of the embryo, on the convex side, a heart forms and begins to beat. By the end of week 5, the heart has a left and right chamber, which contract twice as much as in an adult.

By the end of the week, blood circulation is established, eye cavities, umbilical cord and ear canals will form. The beginnings of arms and legs will appear. There will be a bookmark of important organs for the child: the liver, kidneys, digestive organs and excretory organs.

At week 5, the baby will begin to move. But since the size of the embryo is not larger than a pea, its movement is imperceptible to the expectant mother.

What happens in the female body?

The embryo develops, and with it the woman’s body changes.The uterus grows and prepares for the fetus to grow. Although, while the process is slow and it does not change much in size.

Uterine embryo development

The female body gets used to the fact that it eats more than one. The embryo goes through the stage of fixation in the uterus using the umbilical cord. A mucous plug forms, blocking the passage into the uterus.

What happens to the embryo?

The size of the child is 2-3 mm, and the weight is less than half a gram.

The embryo begins to form organs. Day by day, development is becoming more complicated. At the beginning of the week, the child will form a neural tube - the basis for the development of the central nervous system. It is located along the length of the entire organism of the embryo and makes it possible to develop the brain and spinal cord.

Embryo at 5 weeks

The cardiovascular system begins to develop. In the front of the embryo, on the convex side, a heart forms and begins to beat. By the end of week 5, the heart has a left and right chamber, which contract twice as much as in an adult. By the end of the week, blood circulation is established, eye cavities, umbilical cord and ear canals will form. The development of the circulatory system counts from a ball of tissue, which in the future will be the heart. Further, from the center of the embryo, the respiratory organs begin to develop - the larynx, trachea. The digestive system is still poorly expressed.

The beginnings of arms and legs will appear. There will be a bookmark of important organs for the child: the liver, kidneys, digestive organs and excretory organs. The shape of the embryo resembles a pear and upon closer examination, you can see various parts of the body. The position of the fetus resembles the letter C, in it it will stay for the coming months. This week, the neural tube is actively expanding, it will form the brain and nervous system. During the 5 weeks of pregnancy, a special so-called yolk sac with liquid inside has time to develop. Its function at this stage is the formation of blood cells.

We are registered in the antenatal clinic

A woman should understand that when registering, she does this not for the doctor, but for herself and the health of the unborn child. When to register? The sooner the better. It is recommended to do this at the fifth week of pregnancy and no later than the twelfth. For those who need to know how their baby grows, and who cares that its development proceeds normally, it's time to go to the antenatal clinic. Who, if not a doctor, can determine if pregnancy is flowing normally ?! And in case of any deviations in time to appoint a course of treatment in order to quickly normalize your health and the baby.

You can register for a antenatal clinic either at the place of residence or at the place of actual residence. And immediately decide on a place for childbirth: a maternity hospital or a private clinic.

Upon receipt, you will be issued documents. They will get an individual “card of the pregnant woman and the woman in labor,” and will be asked to fill out a questionnaire. The goal of all actions is to see the possible risks, and if the pregnant woman does not talk about any diseases that can affect the development of the child, thereby relieving herself of responsibility. Going to the antenatal clinic for registration, do not forget to take a passport.

What tests and examinations will the gynecologist prescribe?

At the first appointment, the gynecologist will conduct an examination in order to properly advise and give useful recommendations.

The doctor will do the following:

  1. Will conduct an examination on the chair, palpates the uterus.
  2. Take a swab for analysis.
  3. Conduct a health survey.
  4. Will measure the pelvis and weight.
  5. It will measure blood pressure.
  6. Examines the mammary glands.
  7. If there are deviations from the norm, he will prescribe tests individually.

Upon registration, you are automatically assigned to a local gynecologist, but if for some reason you did not like him, you have the right to demand that you be referred to a certain or other local gynecologist.

The gynecologist himself will say: when to come next time, when to take tests, which drugs and vitamins to drink and during what period. He will also explain how to eat properly and what physical activities are permissible.

Before going to the doctor, make a list of questions of interest. Especially questions regarding intimate life. Do not be shy, the gynecologist is a person who will know you for 9 months, about all the changes in your body and in the development of the baby.

We are preparing for the birth of a child now

Well, here is a long-awaited event for those who were planning a pregnancy - you are pregnant. And the sudden news for those who did not know, and now what is called "flew by."

Slowly prepare for the birth of the baby. First of all, plan the situation in the child’s room and begin repairs. Of course, in the 5th week it is still not possible to find out who will appear (boy or girl), so it is difficult to determine which wallpaper to choose and in which color scheme to make the room. But you can decide on the location of the furniture, what and where it will stand in the children's room.

Please note, for convenience, it is better to put the crib closer to the entrance, but not in a draft. In addition, consider the location of the rooms, it is better if the nursery is nearby, near your bedroom. But as practice shows, at first, count on the fact that the crib will take its place in your room, because you will constantly run to the baby (both day and night).

It's time to think about a newborn album. Take a photo of the tummy in each week of pregnancy and then paste them into the album. The kid as he grows up, he will be interested to see how he grew up in the tummy. Also save an ultrasound photo.

Start keeping a pregnancy diary, where note new sensations during the development of the baby. For example, the first time they felt that he was moving, or describe the reaction when they found out that they were pregnant, etc.

As an option: take a photo of dad at the moment he found out about the baby.

Think, imagine how to capture memories. The album will also interest the baby. A grown child will look at himself with pleasure even before birth.

Bleeding

Bleeding in the fifth week of pregnancy is a rather alarming sign. Early hemorrhage indicates an ectopic pregnancy, pregnancy pathology, or an infectious disease. With abundant blood discharge, a pregnant woman is hospitalized and placed “for preservation” in order to monitor the course of pregnancy and protect the fetus.

Usually, doctors prescribe hemostatic injections, antispasmodics (e.g., Papaverine suppositories), vitamins for pregnant women (e.g., Pregnakea), etc.

Brown spotting in the 5th week usually indicates a threat of termination of pregnancy, so rather, contact your obstetrician-gynecologist with a complaint of uncharacteristic discharge.

Popular questions and answers to them:

What to do if a pregnant woman has a cold?

With a mild runny nose and normal temperature, it is not necessary to consult a doctor. With the help of folk remedies, treat yourself (detailed article: on the treatment of colds during pregnancy).

At high temperature and severe cough, be sure to be treated, but do not self-medicate. See your doctor if you are pregnant. In the first trimester, the embryo is vulnerable, so be sure to treat the disease. The fetus forms the main organs, and a cold will cause a violation in the formation of organs.

How are things with intimate life?

In the absence of pathologies, you can have sex. Doctors, on the contrary, even recommend leading an intimate life due to a lack of male hormones in the female body. Sex allows them to work out for the embryo.

Although the woman often does not feel sexual attraction, because the “protective mechanism” works, protecting the baby.

What will an ultrasound show at 5 weeks of gestation?

Alas, an ultrasound examination does not show the child’s gender. On ultrasound, you will find out whether the umbilical cord is attached to the uterus.The doctor will examine the fetus, excluding pathologies in development. It will also determine how many embryos, that is, recognize one child will be born or twins.

Please tell me, 5 obstetric weeks of pregnancy is how many months of normal pregnancy?

At the 5th obstetric week of pregnancy, there was a delay in menstruation and you found out that you are pregnant, which means that this is the 3rd week from conception.

I have 5 weeks and 5 days of pregnancy, but I do not feel anything. Is everything normal with pregnancy?

At a period of 5 weeks, the symptoms of a pregnancy may be absent, the period is still too small, besides, the symptoms manifest individually: for someone right away, and for someone only by 8 weeks.

How does the level of hCG in the blood of a healthy pregnant woman?

The hormone of chorionic gonadotropin (abbreviated as hCG) is also called the hormone of pregnancy, because it is released into the blood of a woman only during pregnancy. For the first time, the hormone is produced in the body of a woman somewhere on the 11th day after conception. And further, with a successful course of pregnancy, its level increases every 2-3 days, and amounts to 1,500 - 5,000 mU / ml at 5 obstetric weeks. The maximum level of hCG is observed at 8-13 weeks, and then the indicator gradually decreases.

I have 5 weeks of pregnancy. The lower back began to hurt yesterday. Tell me why it hurts and is it dangerous for the child?

Low back pain occurs for various reasons: the adaptation of the female body to a new role - mothers, old injuries, problems with the spine, the threat of spontaneous miscarriage. Therefore, it is important to consult a competent physician to determine the cause of lower back pain.

I visited a doctor today, said that my hCG is slowly growing, how does this threaten the baby? I have 4.5 weeks of pregnancy.

Slow growth of hCG levels or, in general, lack of growth is an alarming sign. Such a pregnancy can result in either a spontaneous miscarriage or a frozen pregnancy. It is necessary to undergo an ultrasound scan, re-donate blood for hCG after 2 days, perhaps everything is not so sad as they say.

Embryo size

The size of the embryo at 5 weeks of gestation is still very small - only 2–2.5 mm. Pick up a poppy seed. Hard to hold, so tiny? Here it is now in size and your child is fragile, barely distinguishable.

Video

So the long-awaited 5th week of pregnancy has arrived and is moving smoothly into the sixth. Do not doubt your pregnancy, often think about the baby, what he will be. At this time, the child feels your mood, grows and develops.

Questions and answers to the article:

Food preferences are really changing! And cardinally! As far as I did not like fried liver and pickled cucumbers, now I just gobble them up)))

Liver is not advisable, especially in large quantities

If you fall at 5 weeks of pregnancy. What to do?

Something bruised? Describe in more detail.

Hello! Help, I'm terrified! The gynecologist mixed up everything and forgot about her appointments! When planning appointed dufaston to take for prophylaxis with good analyzes of 1 t. 2 p. per day, 10 days from 16 to 25 DC. On the last day of admission I did a test, the result is negative. On the trail. another day and I saw a ghost 2 stripes! Well, on the trail. day repeated the procedure! The result is 2 strips! I run to the pharmacy for duphaston, I accept the same system. I came to her appointment, she told me: “why drink, stop drinking it!” How can I stop taking it abruptly, have drunk almost 2 packs and then drop it sharply! The term of 5 obstetric weeks according to the result of HCG. After all, is it necessary to gradually move away from such a drug? And maybe not 5 ac. week? Today at the appointment with another doctor with this issue.

Hello! Dufaston, like Utrozhestan, is recommended to be canceled gradually. First, start taking 1 tablet a day after an equal period of time (i.e. every 24 hours). And then cancel at all.Usually, cancellation is performed after 12 weeks of pregnancy, but if everything is normal with your hormones, then you can cancel it earlier. The main thing is to monitor the discharge: if it begins to smear more than a couple of days, return to the previous dosage before the completion of 12 weeks.

There was a frozen pregnancy at 5 weeks (the first pregnancy), they did the cleaning, doctors say wait 6 months. until the next pregnancy, but for me it is too much.

I had a frozen pregnancy, they also spoke only after half a year, but I got pregnant after 3 months by accident

Hello! At 4-5 weeks, she was vaccinated with adsm. What threatens the fetus?

Hello!
The ADS-M vaccine is contraindicated during pregnancy due to the theoretical risk of fetal vaccine virus damage, but numerous observations of the fetal health status of women who have received the ADS-M vaccine during pregnancy have not confirmed its negative effect on the fetus. Thus, “accidental” vaccination of a pregnant woman at an early stage is not a reason for abortion.
It is necessary to carefully monitor the pregnancy. And be sure to inform your gynecologist about vaccination when registering in the LCD. An ultrasound scan at 12 weeks will show if the vaccine has affected fetal development.
Good luck to you!

Hello. I have an obstetric pregnancy of 5 weeks and 1 day. I have hCG in my blood 1272 please tell me this is not enough.?

Hello! Tell me please. Last May, it was ST. 🙁 Now again the pregnancy is 5 obstetric weeks. Week delay. In addition to delay and sensitive nipples, there are no signs. If nothing bothers, can I not do an ultrasound now? I want to wait 7 weeks to check my heartbeat. But the thing is that I'm a flight attendant. Want to make a couple more flights before the end of the month and write off to the ground?

Hello! You can not do an ultrasound now, but you will do it in 7 weeks. Does a pregnancy test show two stripes? Or focus only on the delay? After all, the menstrual cycle may simply go astray.

Hello! Yes, the test already shows two strips 4 days before menstruation. At first there was a dull streak now quite bright. Just really worried after the ST. And now, in a manic way, I monitor my breasts. It seems that it hurts then it does not hurt. There is no toxicosis. But during the first pregnancy, too, was not. And before flying a couple of flights, is it possible or not worth the risk? Thanks in advance!

Hello! Breast is not an indicator at all. Fly, it's okay. Frozen pregnancy is not from flying, but from the state of health of a woman, although some consider air travel as a possible cause of ST. But in fact, studies have shown that women had other risk factors (sexually transmitted infections or hormonal disruptions).

Good afternoon! Tell me, please, how to be. My sister did the eco + claims procedure. February 2, 2016 was replanting. On March 2, she went on an ultrasound (did both vaginal and normal). They say there is no heartbeat, but the embryo appeared - 3 mm. They scare that there may be a frozen pregnancy ... They said they would come in a week. This is the third ultrasound in a month. Maybe, for sure, go in two weeks? Thanks in advance for your reply!

Hello! And what prevents you from going after 10 days? This will already be enough to make a final and more reliable conclusion.
Well, in general, this is a bad sign when the embryo is already there, but the heartbeat is not 🙁

Angelina, hello! I would like to express my gratitude for your competent answers. 2-3 days ago I found out that I was pregnant. At your advice, I donated blood for hCG. 03.16.16 - HCG 448 units. 1-day last menstruation - 02/18/16. I have an obstetric period of 4 weeks and 2 days. We have sharply colder, yesterday at work I froze. By evening, my throat was already sick. This morning, and the voice has changed. I was really looking forward to this baby. How can pregnancy be maintained? Can lie down for conservation? Or is she somehow treated? Thanks in advance for your answers !!

The temperature is not elevated.Gargle with saline and soda. Can I rinse with Eludryl? What about using Ingalipt? I’m not dripping into my nose yet. Thanks.

Hello! Congratulations on your pregnancy 🙂 do not worry, it does not matter. Just before and after work, gargle the neck with a solution of furatsilin as often as possible, alternating with a decoction of chamomile. And when you are at work, you can dissolve Lizobact tablets.

I wish you a speedy recovery!

You can gargle with Eludril or use the Ingalipt aerosol (both can be used during pregnancy if indicated). Only be treated with one thing: either the first or second drug.

Good afternoon! After unprotected, PA accepted Zhenale after 55 hours. The result is pregnancy. Tell me, please, can I save the pregnancy? Thank you in advance!

Hello! In general, in this case, termination of pregnancy is recommended, simply no one will give you a guarantee that the child will be healthy 🙁 but the matter is purely personal.

I have a third pregnancy, the first two were frozen. Now I have 5 obstetric weeks, very pulling lower back. I’m very afraid that something might happen.

Urozhestan or Dufaston already taking?

Hello! Tell me, at what period is it optimal to do an ultrasound to determine the norm during pregnancy, if a year ago there was an ST? Now 5 obstetric weeks. Nothing bothers. 2nd day of delay, test - two bright stripes. I would not want to disturb the baby too early, but to know for sure that the pregnancy is uterine, and everything is going well. How to be? Thanks!

Hello! At week 7, the fetal heartbeat should be recorded. This is an indicator that the fetus is alive and there is no ST.
Now you can donate blood for general hCG every 3-4 days. The growth of hCG should be traced, or rather, its doubling. You can read the article about it here.

Thank you I have more questions.
ST has occurred in a short period (4-5 obstetric weeks), so now I am very closely monitoring everything that happens. After that sad event, a set of tests was performed (APS, karyotype, HLA typing, all STD infections, genetic abnormalities in blood, smear for oncocytology), to identify a possible cause and prevent a similar occurrence in the future. The only thing that revealed this:
a. Homozygous ACE gene polymorphism.
b. Heterozygous polymorphisms.
Genes - fibrogen, MTHFR, PAI-I. Regarding paragraph a. they appointed plasmapheresis a month before planning Wessel Douay (I replaced this procedure with hirudotherapy, which turned out to be very effective from the analysis). Also, such an indicator as d-dimer was increased, with a norm for the first trimester of 500, it was 1200, this is apparently also associated with existing problems with coagulation.
In February, all numbers in the hemostasiogram, including d-dimer, were in good norm. A sharply positive anti-hCG antibody was also detected (IgG passed in August = 46, and again in November = 50).
After treatment with hirudotherapy (girls who have problems similar to mine, if there are no contraindications, I VERY highly recommend these healing worms! I myself did not believe at first and was very skeptical about the proposed therapy, but was extremely impressed with the excellent results), in February the figure dropped to 23 (.).
Also from 01/04/2016 I accept 0.5 tab. Metipred, also on the recommendations. The opinions of 2 gynecologists regarding the use of prednisone are completely opposite, one doctor said that it should be taken before the 16th week, with a gradual cancellation according to the scheme, the other - that it must be undone now, as it can have a very negative effect on the development of the child. At a loss! The medicine is really serious.
What are my real actions, based on the existing treatment detected after ST, the improved rates and gestational age? Today Clearble’s electronic test showed 2-3 weeks).Is it necessary to pass hCG in dynamics, a hemostasiogram / coagulogram? Maybe something else? Can I take Wessel Douai until I get a blood result? I ask because in the annotation I trimester is prohibited. Today I take duphaston (3 tablets per day - it was taken 2 tablets each in the pregravide preparation complex since November 2015), angiovit 1 tablet, vitamin E 200 2 tablets.
Two days ago, in the evening, there was a slight pulling pain in the lower back, papaverine candles were placed for the night. Spasms have passed. Since there is an opportunity, I try almost all day to be at rest and lie down. I am 34 years old. Pregnancy is desired and expected. I would very much like to safely endure and give birth to a healthy baby!
Sorry, that is a big text, but I think that for the full picture it is necessary for me to give such a description. Thanks in advance!

You are a carrier of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene, which indicates a risk of vascular dysfunction, and as a result, arterial hypertension, preeclampsia (severe swelling, high blood pressure, protein in the urine) and eclampsia (a critical increase in pressure), habitual miscarriage (for example due to placental abruption), thrombophilia.
Therefore, ST in a previous pregnancy was most likely caused by your body developing antibodies to hCG, and increased blood clotting. Therefore, blood must be constantly diluted with “plus” anticoagulants periodically donated to the coagulogram, and everything will be fine, safely endure and give birth to the baby.

And heterozygous polymorphism suggests that you are prone to problems with blood coagulation, and this is most often inherited (from your parent to you, and from you to your child, etc.).

So far, you can take Curantil to thin the blood (it is approved for use from the 1st trimester), because it is known that blood coagulates with an increase in the duration of pregnancy, and you are already at risk. And donate blood to a coagulogram (fibrinogen, d-dimer) for further treatment (microdoses of aspirin, injections of fraksiparin 0.3, clexane or other drugs). Wessel Douai not to accept! It can be drunk only from the 2nd trimester. And take metipred, angiovit and duphaston further, they are needed. Prednisolone is taken according to indications even from the first weeks of pregnancy, so you can drink it, but the drug should be prescribed and canceled by your observing doctor.

Well, and constantly monitor the pressure and weight gain (with puffiness, the weight gain also increases), and also periodically take urine for analysis.

You are a responsible mom, which means that you will properly control the course of pregnancy, and everything will be fine, make a healthy baby!

Thank you for support!

Tell me, at what dosage and how many times a day to take? And when will I start to inject fraxiparin / clexane, chimes will also need to be drunk? Also in what dosage?

Dr. Sukhanova herself in her recommendations for treatment indicated to me that Wessel Douai should drink during pregnancy. Such a doctor and such a strange opinion! Of course, my health and the life of my child are of paramount importance to me, and not to discuss some kind of doctor. Doctors at the central counseling center in Sevastopol and the district ZhK are also opponents of this drug during pregnancy. Therefore, I don’t know what to do.

Thanks again for the answers!

For all appointments to the gynecologist and / or hematologist in person with the results of the analysis. Good luck to you!

Hello! Please tell me whether it is possible to conduct a gynecological examination or ultrasound supposedly for 3 weeks of pregnancy? Would he harm the fetus? I still have aching and stitching pains sometimes on the left, sometimes in the middle ... And I did not have blood during implantation. This is normal?

Hello! And how did you confirm the pregnancy? Most gynecological problems can give a delay, in which you must contact the gynecologist in person as soon as possible!

Hello) I have 5 obstetric weeks. She got a sore throat, a temperature of 38.5 and a sore throat. The temperature lasted 2 days, now it was asleep. The throat also passes (rinsed with furatsilinom, pharyngosept), observed bed rest. Do you think this will affect the kid? Before that there was anembryony (now I'm afraid. When will it be possible to go on ultrasound and find out if everything is good?

Hello. I hope that everything will be fine, I do not know how to predict. At 7 weeks go to the ultrasound to listen to the baby’s heartbeat, and if everything is good with the ultrasound, then we continue to carry the pregnancy with pleasure 🙂

Changes in the body and new sensations of women

All new changes and sensations signal the onset of an “interesting situation”. “I am pregnant!” Exclaims (often with surprise) the woman, without waiting for the onset of menstruation. The absence of menstruation is the most obvious and reliable sign of a pregnancy, which every woman knows about. Signs of early pregnancy can also be as follows: nausea (especially in the morning), hypersensitivity to various odors, fatigue, drowsiness, enlargement and engorgement of the mammary glands, increase in basal body temperature, change in appetite and taste preferences, unreasonable mood swings, increased concentration of hCG.

Analyzes and ultrasound

The level of hCG reaches a high level, which allows using the home test to almost 100% confirm the fact of pregnancy. An ultrasound doctor can also delight or, conversely, dispel doubts about the “interesting situation” at the 5th week of pregnancy. The study will definitely show whether a woman is pregnant or not.

Vitamins

The ideal option is when the doctor conducting the pregnancy advises the woman herself what to take at the 5th week of pregnancy and in what quantity (an individual approach is still important in this matter!). We will note the importance of only some vitamins at 5 weeks. So, it is known that every second pregnant woman is deficient in folic acid - an essential element for the formation of baby's organs and systems (first of all, we are talking about the nervous system). Folic acid is necessary during pregnancy! In addition to special pills, it is found in spinach, asparagus, carrots, peaches, avocados, beans, hazelnuts, dark rye flour, eggs, liver and cheese.

For the correct formation of the embryo, an uninterrupted "supply" of B vitamins to the body (such as cereals, legumes, apricots, carrots, beets), vitamin C (blackcurrant, sea buckthorn, cabbage, strawberries), as well as iodine and magnesium (seaweed, is required) bananas).

Sex at 5 weeks pregnant

If nothing threatens your pregnancy, continue to make love with your partner as much as you like (preferably with a condom - this protects against unnecessary infectious diseases!). In some women, due to the onset of hormonal changes, sexual desire only intensifies. And for others, on the contrary, desire disappears due to hormonal changes, as well as early toxicosis.

Lifestyle

The term is still very short, however, the embryo is already becoming dependent on the emotional state and lifestyle of the future mother. Therefore, a woman should not be nervous! You need to try to be more calm, not worry about nothing. Refuse alcohol, smoking, avoid contact with sick people. And surround yourself with beautiful objects! So, in the East, it is believed that a pregnant woman should definitely look at something beautiful - then she will certainly give birth not only to a healthy, but also to a very cute baby.

Beauty and Accessories

A woman should always look after herself! True, when the future mother has toxicosis, there is no need to talk about “unearthly” beauty. Nevertheless, it is already worth thinking about shoes on a flatter sole and blouses with a free cut.Especially be careful with jeans and trousers - too tight models can harm the baby. And make your choice in favor of natural beauty - excessive zeal in applying makeup is now also useless!

Calculators

TrimesterWeeks of pregnancy I1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 II14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 III26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42

Baby at 5 weeks pregnant

In the fifth week, the body of the Kid is just a tiny grain of salt, but already in this grain:

  • the nervous system is being laid: it is possible to determine a group of cells, which very soon will be transformed into the spinal cord. This group of cells ends in a nodule - the future brain,
  • at the same time, the beginnings of the vertebrae appear, from which the spine is then formed,
  • rudiments of the eyes and mouth appear
  • in the place of each of the future ears, a fossa forms, and under it appears the inner ear - the snail,
  • in place of future arms and legs - buds that begin to grow rapidly,
  • from the 18-21st day, a tiny heart begins to beat,
  • at the same time, its own circulatory system comes into action, the first vessels begin to appear, and they already have red blood cells - red blood cells,
  • in the Kid, the liver, pancreas and intestines begin to form.

Mom at 5 weeks pregnant

“Congratulations, you are now parents!” This phrase of mom and dad is likely to be heard after the birth of the baby. It seems that everything is logical, because the parents are those who gave birth to someone. But representatives of modern science, spiritual practices are increasingly saying that the fate of man begins to take shape ... with the thought of conception! Not to mention the period when a creature of flesh and blood begins to develop from its father and mother cells. Therefore, if you are planning a child or if he, very tiny, already really exists, then consider yourself a parent. Accustoming to a new role, you can tune in to the Baby and, when the time comes for him to be born, you will be much stronger, wiser and more responsible than mothers and fathers, for whom the previous 9 months were just a period of pregnancy.

How would your Toddler answer the question of how he would like to see his parents? Surely - loving and gentle, caring and friendly, responsible and cheerful, smart, healthy and beautiful. Why? Yes, simply because all these qualities are a condition for its full development both before birth and in all subsequent years.

Pregnancy tests and studies

Pregnancy test (urine) - with a delay of menstruation or 7-10 days after the alleged conception.

Ultrasound scan (ultrasound) - 5 weeks after the first day of the last menstruation, according to indications. Diagnosis of pregnancy, the exclusion of an ectopic pregnancy.

My baby!

You are very tiny! A small sunflower seed. Only 4-5 mm.

I just realize that changes are taking place in my life, and your first home is already being created inside me - a bag with amniotic fluid.
And in it you are already growing.

It’s still hard for me to imagine how you are developing. But I know that in a small organism all the systems and organs of your body are created. It is like creating a whole universe with myriad stars and planets. The rudiments of the liver and duodenum, lungs and primary kidney, as well as the spine, heart and brain, and the central nervous system, are born in you. Within seven days, the base of the skeleton will be formed, and you already have a hematopoietic system.

And although you have already found your first shelter in me, I am still captivated by the impression of a fabulous event. Your coming to my life. It was as if the light of the bright plumage of a firebird had colored me all. And now I, like her, can create the magic of a new life.

“Miracle of a new life” - coloring book for expectant mothers by psychologist, best-selling author for mothers Tatyana Aptulaeva and illustrator Alena Ustinova.

Everything about the fifth week of pregnancy

Not all women in this period can accurately say that a pregnancy has occurred.The test can still give a negative result, and the pain in the lower abdomen also resembles premenstrual.

However, if the pregnancy has taken place, then this is the 5th obstetric week in a row and the 3rd from conception. You can keep your calculation from the moment of conception, but remember that the doctors in the clinic or antenatal clinic set a deadline, taking into account the first day from the beginning of the last menstrual cycle.

It is too early to talk about weight gain; its increase should occur gradually and at a later date. The size of the uterus has so far increased very slightly, much later it will be possible to notice the rounded belly of the future mother.

Signs and symptoms of pregnancy

The realization that you will soon become parents gives rise to excitement and inexplicable fears at the same time. The main thing is to calm down. The first thing you need to do at week 5 is to confirm your pregnancy. Most women decide that they are pregnant if they record the fact that they have delayed their period for a week. But this method is unreliable, especially if the menstrual cycle has been irregular in the last few months.

Pregnancy Week 5: What happens in the body during the fifth obstetric week?

At 5 weeks of her pregnancy, a woman may not observe any external changes, a new life is already developing inside her. In the fifth week, the embryo undergoes a lot of transformation. A woman begins to experience new symptoms on a physical and emotional background. How is 5 weeks pregnant? What should a future mother know now?

Tests at 5 weeks gestation

Since 5 weeks of pregnancy can be asymptomatic, a woman should first do a pregnancy test and make sure that she is really in position. Now, if you saw two pink stripes, it's time to contact your gynecologist. Most often, doctors register only with 6 or 8 weeks of pregnancy, but you should get an important consultation now.

No serious tests are usually prescribed at 5 weeks. Usually, an initial examination is performed in the chair of the gynecologist and ultrasound, which will give an accurate answer. Now, for an ultrasound scan, you can already see the embryo, which looks like a greasy dot.

A blood test for hCG will also give an answer whether pregnancy has occurred or not. Over the fifth week, the level of hCG can rise on average from 101 to 4470 mIU / ml. The level can range from 10,000 to 30,000. The main thing you need to know without pregnancy is from 0 to 50 mIU / unit. This means that it is almost impossible to “overlook” a pregnancy in a blood test.

What you need to know at five weeks of gestation

  • Bleeding. Any discharge of blood from the vagina before the onset of 12 weeks is a potential threat of miscarriage. Be attentive to yourself and if you suspect a miscarriage, call your obstetrician or ambulance.
  • Iron deficiency. If there is a lack of iron in the mother’s body during pregnancy, this can lead to improper development of the fetus. Consult your doctor about this.
  • Folic acid. Folic acid intake is extremely important. Most often, women take it during pregnancy planning. At 5 weeks, a neural tube forms, which with a lack of this acid may form incorrectly.
  • Toxicosis. This phenomenon can also occur at 5 weeks, so read in advance how to behave when nausea occurs during pregnancy.
  • Proper nutrition. Nutrition is an important aspect of pregnancy. Proper and balanced nutrition can alleviate your condition in this not the easiest period.
  • Vitamin C and D. You need a lot of vitamin C every day to help your child grow and develop. Good sources of vitamin C include oranges, red or green peppers, strawberries, black currants and potatoes. You can take vitamin D in the form of a separate drug, or in a multivitamin complex. Consult a doctor.

Tip: In order not to forget to take vitamins on time, put the package next to the toothbrush. So you will see them every morning and not miss a reception.

The diet of the expectant mother in the first trimester of pregnancy

In the first months of pregnancy, there is an active restructuring of the body and adaptation to a new state. Now a woman is subordinated not only to herself, her desires and whims, but also to the desires and needs of the baby. During this period, it is recommended to switch to a low-calorie diet, which includes more fruits, juices, decoctions of dried fruits, including rosehips. At the very beginning of pregnancy, more frequent, but less plentiful meals are recommended. Consult with your doctor about the need for multivitamin preparations, one of the important vitamins in the first trimester is folic acid.

For more information on products that should be included in the diet or vice versa excluded from the diet, read the section Nutrition of the future mother.

What happens at 5 weeks gestation

In the fifth week, the restructuring of the body of a pregnant woman continues. The uterus still has an elongated shape, but is already beginning to increase in size. A little time will pass and it will become rounded. The chest continues to grow. Many women start colostrum this week.

Hormonal restructuring occurs under the influence of the corpus luteum, which is increasingly preparing the woman’s body for bearing a child.

All hormones work by interacting with each other. Estrogens support progesterone and hCG levels. Progesterone relaxes the muscles of the uterus, provides the development of the placenta, stimulates the restructuring of the mammary glands. HCG controls the activity of the corpus luteum, which synthesizes progesterone.

Symptoms of the fifth week of pregnancy

Pregnancy symptoms are becoming more apparent this week. A woman often starts going to the toilet. This is due to the fact that in the body the level of hCG increases significantly, under the influence of which the blood supply to the pelvis and kidneys increases, making them more susceptible.

Symptoms of the fifth week of pregnancy are also:

  • Drowsiness, fatigue, fatigue. All these symptoms arise due to the very hard work that is being done in the body. At this time, a pregnant woman is recommended to change her daily regimen. She should work less and have more rest.
  • Breast enlargement, increasing their sensitivity. This process is associated with preparation for breastfeeding. Under the influence of estrogen and progesterone, a rush of blood to the mammary glands occurs, the amount of fat increases, the glands themselves expand.
  • The appearance of nausea and vomiting. A feeling of heaviness in the stomach and subsequent vomiting are the result of hormonal changes in the body. At this moment, a woman is recommended fractional nutrition (you need to eat often, but in small portions). You need to drink more fluids and not eat if you do not want to. If vomiting occurs too often (more than four times a day), consult a doctor.
  • Change in taste preferences. It occurs due to hormonal changes in the body.

What surveys need to be done at week 5

This week, most women already know that they are pregnant. Many of them visit the antenatal clinic in connection with pregnancy precisely at this time. Such an early registration is justified. Under the constant supervision of doctors, a pregnant woman avoids many of the risks that may arise in the early stages of pregnancy. Constant monitoring of the health status of the expectant mother and her child helps to prevent the development of possible pathologies.

In the fifth week, a woman usually takes only one test, for hCG. Its positive result finally confirms the fact of pregnancy.

If the expectant mother is engaged in heavy physical labor or works in hazardous work, the doctor, when registering, can prescribe a number of additional tests (general analysis of urine and blood, determination of blood type and Rh factor).

If there is a threat of miscarriage, the gynecologist prescribes an analysis to determine the level of progesterone.

Ultrasound in the fifth week of pregnancy shows the location of the embryo in the uterus, the number of fetal eggs, the size of the uterus. This week, the heart begins to work, so an experienced specialist during the study can hear the heartbeat and assess the condition of a small organism.

An ultrasound also diagnoses a dead pregnancy in the fifth week.

This term refers to pathology in which the fetus stops developing. Fruiting membranes may continue to grow, but the mother's body begins to reject the fetus. Usually a frozen pregnancy occurs in the first trimester. It poses a great danger to a woman’s body and requires immediate medical attention.

Fetal changes

At 5 weeks of gestation, the fetus is about 5-6 mm in size, weighs up to 1 gram and is called an embryo. The embryo swims in a liquid-filled vial; its gill slits and tail are already beginning to disappear.

The embryonic period lasts the first 8 weeks of pregnancy, from the moment the placenta is formed, the embryonic period is replaced by the fetal.

At the 5th week of pregnancy, the rudiments of many organs and systems rapidly develop. It is during this period that:

  • Pancreas,
  • Liver,
  • Upper respiratory tract
  • Lower respiratory tract
  • Urinary system,
  • Endocrine system,
  • Cloaca.

From the external germinal leaf, the neural tube continues to develop, from it in the future the spinal cord and spine will form. In a period of 5 weeks, the neural tube on one side partially overgrows. An important role in this is played by folic acid, which is prescribed to all pregnant women as a preventive measure at the stage of pregnancy planning and in the early stages. From the neural tube, the entire central nervous system then develops. The rudiments of muscle tissue are laid on its sides.

The heart, the embryo of which was formed in the form of a narrow tube a week earlier, begins its first, not yet very regular contractions. At first it is reduced a little less - about 124 - 128 beats per minute.

At the embryo, at 5 weeks, the rudiments of the eyes, the orbit, the gap in the mouth and nose can be seen on the face, and the rudiments of the arms and legs in the form of tubercles on the sides of the body. Where fingers will be, you can already see their rudimentary elements.

By the end of the 5th week of pregnancy, the upper lip forms, and if some unfavorable factors acted on the embryo during this period, an unborn baby can form a congenital malformation - short lip in the upper lip, popularly known as the "cleft lip".

At the 5th week of pregnancy, precursors of future germ cells (sperm and egg cells) are formed - gonoblasts, and blood cells begin to form in the yolk sac.

Changes in a woman’s body

At the 5th week of pregnancy, symptoms of early toxicosis may appear - morning nausea, often turning into vomiting, profuse salivation, weakness and malaise. A pregnant woman may experience an irresistible craving for sour or salty. Early toxicosis lasts up to 12 weeks, and then its manifestations come to naught. If signs of toxicosis are significant, you should consult a doctor.

At the 5th week of pregnancy, hormonal changes can make you aware of constipation (a relaxing effect on the muscles of the hormone progesterone) and some breast enlargement.

The abdomen at 5 weeks of pregnancy is the same size. Under the influence of a hormonal surge, discharge at the 5th week of pregnancy from the genital tract can become more abundant, normally they are transparent or whitish, odorless.

In the event that the stomach hurts at 5 weeks of pregnancy and the pains are accompanied by brown or bloody discharge from the genital tract, these are dangerous signs of a miscarriage.

Examination at 5 weeks of gestation

At the 5th week of pregnancy, the next menstruation does not come on time. A pregnancy test will most often be positive. Modern test systems respond to minimal amounts of the hormone chorionic gonadotropin in the urine, and can show two strips after the first day of delayed menstruation.

At this time, you can already register for pregnancy with an obstetrician-gynecologist in a antenatal clinic. He will appoint the necessary research and expert advice.

On ultrasound at 5 weeks of gestation, a fetal egg attached to the uterine wall is clearly visible. Its dimensions, together with the surrounding fetal membranes and waters, are about 1 cm. When performing an ultrasound scan at 5 weeks of gestation using expert-class devices, the first heart contractions can be noticed, confirming that the fetus lives and develops.

Recommendations at 5 weeks of gestation

In the event that the next menstruation did not come on the background of taking contraceptives or an intrauterine device, and the test showed 2 strips, then contraception should be stopped immediately.

If your stomach or lower back hurts at 5 weeks of pregnancy, you should consult your doctor - this may be the first symptom of abortion. Also, a doctor should be consulted if bleeding has begun, since normal bleeding should not occur at 5 weeks of gestation.

It is recommended to continue taking folic acid in tablets, or switch to taking multivitamins for pregnant women (on the recommendation of a doctor).

A healthy image should be adhered to in the diet, there are plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables, dairy products, meat and fish. Alcohol in any form is prohibited.

Video from YouTube on the topic of the article:

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What happens to the baby

At the 5th week of pregnancy according to the obstetric period, the embryo itself is only 3 weeks from the moment of conception. But, despite the tiny size, he can already see the beginnings of the head and legs. What happens inside the fetus? The main internal organs are laid:

  • nervous system,
  • the rudiments of the vertebrae
  • kidneys
  • liver and endocrine glands,
  • heart.

The rudiments of future muscles appear, outgrowths form, from which arms and legs will develop in 10-14 days.

So far, some organs are only conglomerates of differentiated cells. Others are quite decorated and efficient. For example, a heart that will begin to beat by the end of this or the beginning of next week.

Now, in the small body, the foundation of your future grandchildren is laid: the primary germ cells descend into the inguinal region of the embryo in order to turn into spermatozoa in boys or an egg in girls.

What happens to mom

The main event of the fifth week is the absence of menstruation. This symptom is the first objective symptom of a pregnancy. There are more subjective signs:

  • change in taste preferences,
  • the appearance of subfebrile temperature,
  • salivation,
  • exacerbation of smell,
  • nausea, vomiting,
  • painless pulling sensations in the lower abdomen,
  • drowsiness and a feeling of constant fatigue,
  • engorgement of the mammary glands.

These symptoms are called subjective because they are not always found and not in all pregnant women. Someone is lucky to leave the first trimester without nausea, vomiting, aggravated sense of smell and drowsiness. Someone will experience the whole complex of unpleasant sensations that accompany the first months of gestation.

Do not panic if the nature of the pregnancy is radically different from generally accepted norms.Each organism is unique, therefore, the process of intrauterine development, although it follows the same scenario, but varies in a wide range of symptoms and physiological phenomena.

Tests and examinations

In the antenatal clinic, tests are not scheduled for this period. Pregnancy will be documented by a blood test to determine human chorionic gonadotropin and ultrasound.

The first analysis of hCG can be done 3-4 days before the expected menstruation, but the most reliable result is obtained after 1-2 days of delay. The presence of a developing fetus is indicated by an hCG level of 25 mIU / ml. For a period of 4-5 obstetric weeks, this indicator varies from 101 to 4800 mIU / ml. At 5-6 weeks - 1110-31500 mIU / ml.

The hCG level has great variability, which depends on a number of factors, therefore, it is not necessary to calculate the gestation period, focusing only on the analysis data.

What will an ultrasound show at 5 weeks of gestation? In fact, ultrasound in the early stages is a very informative procedure. Research will show:

  • localization of the embryo (uterine or ectopic pregnancy),
  • embryo viability (heartbeat is already visible at the end of 5 or the beginning of 6 weeks),
  • number of embryos.

Hazards and Complications

Alas, almost the entire first trimester is a continuous critical period. There is still no placenta and the fetus is not protected from external influences. Cigarette smoke, alcohol, antibiotics, synthetic additives in food, viruses - all this goes to the child unchanged. The impact of damaging factors is fraught with, at least, defects in the central nervous system, hearing and vision. In the event of damage incompatible with life, the development of the embryo is inhibited, and then completely stops. The main signs of an early termination of pregnancy are pains in the lower abdomen and spotting. In such a situation, minutes decide the matter. Do not look for answers on the forum and do not expect what will pass by itself. Urgently to the doctor!

Advice

Because of one glass of wine or a course of antibiotics, drunk out of ignorance, you should not panic and think about the need to terminate the pregnancy. With a healthy lifestyle and proper nutrition, rare short-term effects will not harm the child. In an extreme case, you have about 1-1.5 months before the first screening, at which the doctor will evaluate the progress in the development of the baby and his health condition.

Ultrasound is done by doctors of different qualifications and on different equipment. Therefore, do not take it to heart if the doctor did not detect a heartbeat at the first examination. And even more so, do not panic if the doctor talks about a dead pregnancy. Consult with another specialist, go through an examination in another clinic. Unfortunately, erroneous diagnoses at such an early date are a common occurrence.

At week 5, the obstetrician-gynecologist, as a rule, is not ready to register a woman for pregnancy. But you can already start drinking vitamins. In the first weeks of fetal development, the embryo needs a whole set of vitamins and minerals, but iodine and folic acid are most important. Most of the components that compensate for the maternal hypovitaminosis are in special multivitamin complexes for pregnant women. Consult your doctor about this.

The first months of pregnancy are a difficult period for the mother's body. Take a break in sports and outdoor activities, if possible - take a break from work. Take care of yourself and your baby!

New feelings in expectant mothers

Of course, the entire period of pregnancy is important, during which the laying of all the internal organs and systems of the baby takes place. But this week is truly magical, because it is at this time that most women will learn about the changed status. It is during this period that the appearance of symptoms is observed, by which the first signs of the conception that occurred can be determined.

Obvious signs of pregnancy at week 5

  • Menstruation delay.
  • Many women note a darkening of the areas of the nipples.
  • Two strips on the test.
  • Some note a slight increase in breast size.
  • Ultrasound determines the presence of a fetal egg in the uterus.

After conception, the hCG hormone doubles its value every 2-3 days. If a woman is expecting twins, then this figure will also be 2 times higher.

Obstetric weekHCG for a single pregnancyHCG for a two-year pregnancy
5th week1100-10000 mIU / ml3600 - 30000 mIU / ml

What happens to the expectant mother?

It should be borne in mind that the course of pregnancy in each woman is individual and occurs in different ways. However, it is possible to identify common symptoms that occur at 5 weeks:

  • At this stage of pregnancy, toxicosis can begin to manifest, often there are attacks of nausea, usually in the morning.
  • There is an increase in sensitivity and an increase in the mammary glands. The chest becomes heavy and painful on palpation, the sensitivity of the nipples increases.
  • Since the woman’s body is used to the appearance of menstruation at this time, and pregnancy changes the cycle, women may experience mild pain in the lower abdomen.
  • Since the uterus continues to stretch as the embryo grows, it can pull the lower abdomen, this is quite normal.
  • Exacerbation of sensitivity to various odors, to any products, taste preferences may change. A future mother may experience a decrease in appetite, or, conversely, an increased desire to eat.
  • Many women have frequent urination to the toilet, which is caused by a change in hormonal levels and an increase in the size of the uterus.
  • Quite often there is a general malaise, which is manifested by constant drowsiness, rapid fatigue.
  • There is a quick change of mood. Bursts of positive emotions can quickly be replaced by a tearful state and irritability.
  • Hormonal restructuring of a woman's body can be accompanied by poor health, malaise, weakness, and can manifest itself in the form of rapid alternations of a burst of performance and fatigue.

Frequently Asked Questions in the Forums

V .: I found out that I was pregnant. The term is supposedly 4-5 weeks. Can I take a bath?

A .: If there are no threats of miscarriage, you can take a bath, but only warm, not hot. In the first trimester, a hot bath can adversely affect the development of the child. In addition, it is not recommended to be in the water for a long time.

W .: Pulls the lower abdomen (5-6 weeks) especially at night. Is this normal?

A .: Yes, this is quite normal, but if the sensations are pronounced and inconvenient, consult your doctor.

V .: Is it possible to drink coffee in the early stages of pregnancy?

A: Doctors recommend refusing coffee during pregnancy, as it leaches calcium from the body. If you have low blood pressure and it’s hard to wake up without coffee, drink coffee with milk.

What to do to mothers?

It is believed that at this time the risk of miscarriage is quite high. During this period, it is necessary to exclude:

  • excessive exercise
  • playing sports
  • strong feelings, stressful situations,
  • active pastime
  • overheating in the sun, visiting the baths and saunas,
  • abuse of medicines and vitamin complexes.

Hormonal restructuring at this time is very noticeable and often difficult to tolerate by the body, constant fatigue is felt, laziness, mood swings are also emotionally exhausting. It is recommended to listen to your body, establish the daily routine and diet, get enough sleep and spend more time outdoors.

In order for a pregnancy to develop normally and in order to avoid the threat of its termination, a woman needs to adhere to simple preventive rules:

  • be observed by a doctor and adhere strictly to his recommendations,
  • avoid stressful situations
  • lead a healthy and active lifestyle,
  • adhere to proper and wholesome nutrition,
  • get enough sleep and have a good rest,
  • to refuse from bad habits.

The fifth week of pregnancy is a very important and at the same time critical period. If pregnancy is confirmed, you must visit a doctor. Despite the fact that each woman’s pregnancy proceeds differently, someone does not notice changes in the body and does not feel unwell, in any case, it is necessary to be examined by a gynecologist. Early diagnosis and examination by a doctor will help prevent the development of pregnancy complications.

Watch the video: Baby Born at 26 Weeks - CHI Health NICU (April 2020).