Every mother worries about the health of her baby. And when he cries, her heart, too, is shed with tears. But, unfortunately, colic in the belly of a peanut is becoming quite common. Therefore, parents must know when and why they begin and when they pass. All this will help to quickly and effectively cope with the problem, predicting its occurrence and preventing an attack of pain.
Most often, parents of babies aged about 2 to 3 weeks are faced with the problem. This is primarily due to the underdevelopment of the digestive tract. By one and a half to two months, seizures become especially acute.
Naturally, colic in newborns does not occur spontaneously. There are certain reasons for this. Only after finding them, you can prescribe the most effective treatment. Otherwise, you can, in general, harm a fragile child’s body.
Since the baby’s body is not yet sufficiently developed and not adapted to the active digestion of food, often some malfunctions occur in his work. It is at this moment that colic begins. But in most cases, this does not mean at all that something is going wrong. Thus, the child’s body adapts to a new way of functioning. In the womb, the fetus received all the nutrients through the umbilical cord. Now he leads an independent life separately from the mother's body.
Most often, the causes of such a phenomenon as colic become:
- insufficient amount of enzymes produced to digest food,
- incomplete development of the digestive tract and the regulatory processes of the nervous system (especially true for premature babies),
- food allergy,
- bowel spasm
- air intake during feeding,
- increased gas formation.
Starting from 1.5 weeks you need to be on the lookout so that an attack of colic in a baby does not come as a surprise to you. During the entire period of the duration of cramping, show maximum care for the child, trying in every way to calm him and relieve pain. If colic lasts a long period of time, you may be dealing with an intestinal infection. That is why the problem cannot be ignored.
Colic begins most often after feeding, especially if the child has eaten a large amount of food. Most often, such attacks torment newborns and their parents at night.
The main symptoms of colic are expressed in prolonged angry crying of the baby. You can even track the intensity and frequency of seizures. The kid is naughty. When trying to feed him, he frantically grabs a nipple or mother's breast, and then begins to cry again. Anxiety continues for a long time. If you crush crumbs on the tummy, you can feel the tension. It becomes hard and slightly puffy.
Most often, colic lasts from half an hour to several hours, until the baby’s body itself overcomes the inconvenience or parents help him. Children from 3 to 10 weeks are most prone to colic. At this time, the child is naughty almost every day. By 3-4 months, when the baby’s digestive system is fully adapted to the new feeding conditions and the food offered, the enzyme glands and nerve endings will form at the level of independent functioning, bouts of colic will gradually decline. By six months, you are likely to completely forget about this problem. However, there are cases when increased gas formation, indigestion and cramping are also worrying for children older than a year. In this case, you should definitely contact a children's doctor.
It is worth noting that in premature babies, as well as in children with developmental delays, the terms regarding the appearance and completion of colic may shift. On average, they begin and end 2-3 weeks later.
Knowing the features of the manifestation, the approximate timing, the main symptoms and causes, parents can timely identify the problem.
If your baby has the above symptoms, you don’t just have to sit and wait for him to calm down and stop crying. When colic in newborns passes, it becomes easier not only for them, but also for their parents. In order to speed up the process of getting rid of this unpleasant and painful illness, you can use traditional and folk methods of treatment. As soon as the torment of the child ends, family life is getting better.
To rid the newborn of such an unpleasant ailment as intestinal colic, you can use simple tricks. For example, try to reassure a child. The more he is nervous and naughty, the longer he will be bothered by pains in his stomach. Massage his stomach, hug, put a tummy on your chest. Contact with the body of the mother or father always has a calming effect. Another useful technique is daily abdominal massage.
The more active the baby, the easier it is to cope with gastrointestinal problems. It’s good to arrange him a swim in the bathroom, walks in the fresh air, daily exercise. Since such problems are most often associated with a long stay of the child in a horizontal position, you need to often hold it with a “column”, that is, vertically, especially after feeding, so that the baby has the opportunity to burp the air accumulated in the stomach. To prevent excessive swallowing along with milk, you need to make sure that the baby's lips tightly squeeze the mother’s nipple or nipple. If you are feeding a baby from a bottle, you can use special nozzles. Such nipples have a special structure. The valve prevents ingestion of air.
Particular attention also applies to food for the newborn. Some nutritious infant formulas are additionally enriched with prebiotics and probiotics, which reduces the risk of colic. In addition to using only age-appropriate ingredients, you need to follow the diet and the mother herself. This is done so that there are no problems associated with food allergies. A nursing mother must always monitor her diet.
Often babies get rid of the accumulated air in the tummy with a simple device, the so-called vent tube. It can be bought at any pharmacy or made from a small rubber pear for enemas. Lubricate one end with cream or petroleum jelly and insert into the anus. Press lightly on the baby’s tummy.
If the baby cannot calm down for a long time, try giving him a simethicone-based drug. This substance affects the accumulated gaziki and effectively fights colic and flatulence. However, you must first consult a pediatrician.
If a newborn begins to have colic, and there are no suitable drugs at hand, you can try to eliminate the ailment with the help of traditional medicine. These, of course, are various useful decoctions. Some of them are generally recommended to be given periodically to babies up to 4 months old to prevent not only colic, but also the development of certain types of intestinal infections. Also, such a drink facilitates the process of digesting dairy products.
The most effective means against intestinal diseases are decoctions based on dill and fennel seeds. You can also use some water with a decoction of chamomile. Children’s medicinal herbal teas are doing an excellent job. Add them to a bottle of drinking water. The concentration of the healing broth should be small, since the children's body is not yet able to quickly cope with new products. Begin to solder their baby from about 10 days of life.
The duration of the course depends on the frequency of colic. It’s enough for some children to give 1 tbsp. l decoction once a day, while others need to drink 3 tablespoons of infusion daily.
Once a newborn has colic, do not ignore this problem. Indeed, in rare cases, they can be a signal of a serious health problem. However, knowing the approximate age of the child when he is prone to colic, you can predict the development of events in advance. No need to panic if the baby cries and is naughty due to bloating. However, you should not just wait until they themselves pass. Help your child cope with this torment and ease his suffering. In addition, this is quite simple to do even without the help of a doctor. Mother's care is the best medicine for the baby.
Have a question? Ask them in the comments and our consultants will definitely try to answer them.
During feeding, the baby is able to take the nipple incorrectly, which leads to swallowing a large amount of air with milk. Or, during crying, air enters the stomach.
After feeding, the gases collect in the stomach, then pass into the intestines. To prevent this situation, you need to hold the baby a little upright. When belching passes, it is worth putting the child.
If an excess of air enters the baby’s stomach during a meal, it is worth taking small breaks and letting out excess gas.
If there is a shortage of breast milk in the mother or if it is not nutritious for the baby, it is fed with infant formula or cow's milk.
An allergy to these products may occur, diarrhea and excess gas may appear. To prevent deterioration of the situation, you need to change the mixture.
If the mother’s milk production is more than necessary, the child is able to overeat, which will contribute to the accumulation of gases as a result of the inability to digest food. The difficulty lies in the digestive system, which is not ready to accept large volumes. It is necessary to reduce the portion size, increase the number of feedings.
A similar situation can occur in infants who are on artificial feeding. In this case, you can control the amount of infant formula eaten. Limit the volume to 100 ml, but offer to eat more often.
Premature babies often suffer from a lack of lactose. In their intestines, an enzyme responsible for the breakdown of milk sugar is not produced in sufficient quantities. As a result, the body begins the processes of fermentation, decay, increased gas production. As the baby grows, the body becomes stronger and the normal amount of enzyme production is restored. Lactose is absorbed.
Natural breast milk supplies the baby with the necessary bifidobacteria. When the baby’s nutrition is a milk mixture, a deficiency of microorganisms needed for digestion forms in his intestines. The body of such babies contains other bacteria: lactobacilli and microbes. With a decrease in immune defense, microbes begin to multiply rapidly, which leads to negative consequences. In food located in the intestinal tract putrefactive processes develop, this provokes the production of more gases, as a result - colic, constipation. Premature babies suffer from colic much longer than those born on time and eating breast milk. In such children, unpleasant sensations will end in the area of six months.
Colic Cessation Time
As a rule, doctors focus on the third month. The children's body is individual, the timing may vary. Pay attention to the baby’s nutrition, trying to cure the malaise.
Eating breast milk restores the intestinal microflora much faster than the milk mixture. This happens due to the presence of beneficial bacteria, substances that are not found in artificial porridge. In a breastfed infant, the anxiety period will last up to 3-4 months. Then the baby will become calm.
Incorrectly selected milk mixture will cause the child and parents to suffer from 4 to 6 months. The choice is made together with the doctor. He will tell you the composition necessary for the baby. A correctly selected and prepared mixture will help restore microflora in the intestinal tract.
It is possible to help the child and alleviate his condition at home:
- Dill water. The first method of any mom and grandmother. It will help relieve the effects of spasm in the intestine, removes the inflammatory processes inside, has an antimicrobial effect, restores appetite, prevents the formation of constipation, and normalizes sleep in infants.
- Before eating, lay the baby on his stomach. Do it in 30 minutes. The action will help remove gases and bring the intestinal tract into working condition.
- If colic has already begun, a warm towel will help reduce pain. It is necessary to put on the baby’s stomach and massage gently, allowing the gases to escape.
- Daily abdominal massage. Hands should be warm. Movements are made clockwise. Perform the procedure before feeding and after.
- If the baby has taken the breast correctly, air will get much less.
- Fresh air contributes to the early disappearance of colic. You need to walk with the child more often on the street.
- In pharmacies a gas pipe is sold. You need to use it carefully so as not to damage the rectum in the child. The baby is laid on its side, the legs are bent at the knees, a tube is inserted into the anus, previously lubricated with petroleum jelly. Such a procedure is done until the age of the baby allows you to independently cope with the malaise.
- Use medicines prescribed by your doctor.
The use of medications is sometimes a necessary necessity when other methods do not help. Only prescribed by a doctor. Application is carried out according to medical recommendations.
- Espumisan. Available in the form of a suspension. To alleviate the condition of the baby give 25 drops per day. The dose is stretched all day, give before and after meals. For artisans, the drug is added to the bottle.
- Bobotik. Available in the form of an emulsion. Helps to reduce the density of gas bubbles, has a pleasant taste. Take according to the instructions, diluted with water. When the colic stops, the medication is canceled.
Question of Duration
Colic in newborns should not cause anxiety in parents, since these are natural manifestations of the intrauterine developmental period. The baby is adapting to new conditions. Colic is associated with increased gas formation in the intestine and partially disappears by 6 months.
How to understand that a child is crying from abdominal pain:
- The condition of the child is restless, but there is no reason for this.
- If the baby presses the legs to the stomach, then the colic in the intestine is very strong and has a cutting character.
- Anxiety and a sharp cry begins in the evening despite the fact that during the day the child was calm.
- The child periodically releases gases.
- Crying and restlessness begin after feeding.
If a newborn has a tummy ache, mother needs to review her diet and daily routine.
Green stool indicates an unsuitable mixture for feeding.
What causes gas formation in infants? During feeding, the baby can swallow excess air. This contributes to the formation of gases. Mom should familiarize herself with the technique of proper feeding of the baby in order to alleviate his condition.
When breast-feeding, it is important to keep the bottle in the correct position. The mixture should completely cover the bottom of the nipple during feeding, so that the baby does not swallow air.
If the child does not master the entire portion of milk in 1 dose, you should feed him more often, but in small portions. Overfeeding causes regurgitation of excess milk and the formation of gases.
It also happens that the baby’s body does not take some mixtures, a doctor should help in this matter.
If the baby is breastfed, the work of the intestines of the baby directly depends on the mother’s nutrition. A woman should try to exclude foods that contribute to gas formation from the diet.
Children of smoking mothers most often suffer from intestinal colic.
Products to avoid a lactating woman:
- cow's milk,
- spicy dishes,
- carbonated drinks,
What to do with colic in a newborn?
How to help babies? Spreading on the stomach soothes the intestines. Toddlers usually like this situation.
After feeding, the baby should be held upright until it burps. Thus, excess air is released from the stomach.
When the child has severe colic, you can calm him down in the old known way by ironing the diaper and applying it to the tummy. The diaper should not burn the skin.
The same diaper manipulation can be done in a different way. Mom can lie on her back, putting a warm diaper on her belly, and lay her baby on it. In this position, the child calms down very quickly, because lying on his tummy, the baby becomes both warm and comfortable, seeing his mother’s face.
To remove gases from the intestines in children, light circular movements clockwise around the navel with warm hands help.
Hold the baby in your tummy. Try to keep the baby warm, as hypothermia can also cause colic in the stomach. The baby is sensitive to temperature changes, and since he is often changed at this age, hypothermia can occur.
Do not leave the diaper crowded for a long time for the same reason.
For natural waste of excess gases, dill water helps babies. It should be given before meals, the dosage corresponds to the age of the child.
In the pharmacy you can buy tea with the addition of fennel, designed for the age of your baby.
Choose the right feed mixture.
See your doctor if none of the above help.
Usually by 6 months, when the baby’s stomach is sufficiently developed, gas formation will decrease and will occur within normal limits.
What is strictly forbidden to do? Alone at home, you can not do a newborn child:
- enema - the procedure should be prescribed by the pediatrician strictly under control,
- give medication without a doctor’s prescription,
- do various manipulations with the rectum,
- use traditional medicine
- In no case should one shout at the child, since the colic in the child will only increase on the nervous basis.
If the child spits up infrequently, gains weight normally and feels well - there should be no reason for concern.
The newborn has a short esophagus, the volume of the stomach is up to 30 ml, the location of the stomach is horizontal, the sphincter (valve) from the esophagus is poorly developed.
Therefore, milk, once in the stomach, easily comes back, causing belching.
If the child has a tendency to regurgitate, adhere to known rules and make sure that the baby does not burp while lying on his back, otherwise milk can get into the respiratory tract, and it is dangerous to suffocate if you do not help the baby in time.
When do I need medical help?
Anxiety should cause the child’s weight loss, endless regurgitation, as the child will remain hungry, refusal to eat, diarrhea (constant loose stools), the presence of blood in the vomit or bowel movements. In such cases, you need to urgently call the local pediatrician or call an ambulance.
Never prepare the mixture for the baby "by eye". If breastfeeding, try not to put the baby on the chest when you are nervous - this can cause intestinal cramps in the baby. Breasts are very sensitive to the health of their mother.
Feeding can be administered after 5-6 months. The stomach at this point is able to perceive other foods.
If a woman has enough milk, then it is better not to take the baby from the breast. Breast milk supports healthy microflora in the intestines of the baby.
Colic in newborns
Intestinal colic in newborns - This is a pain in the intestine, which the child experiences in the first three months of life, more often from 3 weeks to 3 months (less often up to 4-5).
Colic can be recognized by the following symptoms:
- crying more often in the afternoon or at night, before and after feeding,
- crying periods from 15 minutes to several hours for no apparent reason, the child does not calm down,
- while crying, the newborn bangs its legs.
A clear cause of intestinal colic in the newborn has not yet been established, there is only a probable assumption that the digestive system of newborns is not yet fully developed and is very sensitive to the movement of food and gases through the intestines. Intestinal colic syndrome is observed in both breast-fed and artificial and mixed babies.
It is important for parents to know that colic in a newborn is not a reason for serious anxiety or excitement, because they are not a disease, but arise due to insufficient maturity of the baby’s gastrointestinal tract. And although over time they usually pass without a trace, the child still needs help in this difficult period.
If the baby is breastfed, you can try to exclude gas-forming foods (fermented vegetables, onions, cabbage, grapes, brown bread, kvass, peas, beans), citrus fruits from your mother’s diet and limit the consumption of cow's milk.
With artificial feeding carefully monitor the position of the bottle so that it does not turn out that the newborn swallows air with the milk mixture. It is important to ensure that the holes in the nipples are not too small, the small holes make the newborn spend more energy on eating and this increases the amount of air swallowed.
According to statistics, colic is more likely to occur in boys. An association of intestinal colic with the psycho-emotional state of the mother (nervous strain, irritability, stress, etc.) was noted.
How to help a newborn with colic?
1. Before feeding, lay the baby on the tummy, after feeding, hold it in a semi-vertical position so that air can escape from the stomach. Bring the baby in your arms, pressing the tummy to your stomach. So you will immediately provide two effects - heating pads and massage. Massage can be done during swaddling. It takes only a few minutes. First, lightly stroke the baby’s tummy in a clockwise direction (make about 10 revolutions). Then alternately bend-unbend its legs, pressing them to the stomach (6-8 repetitions per leg). After that, turn the newborn on the tummy and make a few stroking movements from the sides, above the pelvic bones. Move in the direction from the abdomen to the lower back.
2. If there are signs of intestinal colic in a newborn, you can also use a diaper ironed with a hot iron or use a warm heating pad.
3. Discharge of gases and stool using a vent pipe. For this, the tube itself and baby oil are needed. The end of the tube, lubricated with baby oil, is inserted into the anus to a distance of 4-5 cm. At the same time, you need to help the baby: with your free hand bend his legs, bring them to the tummy, stroke clockwise around the navel with a slight pressure. The whole procedure should take you at least 7-10 minutes. During this time, the lower parts of the large intestine will be emptied, and in 2 -3 doses the gases and stool will leave, and your child will be calm again.
4. You can give your baby dill water or tea with fennel. In pharmacies and shops you can buy special children's teas on herbs, such as chamomile, fennel and dill. Such tea helps to remove gases and facilitates bowel movement. It is also important to understand that herbal teas can really alleviate colic in the abdomen in newborns only with regular use.
5. Of the medications recommended - drugs Espumisan, SAB Simplex, Plantek (a plant-based product). If the effect of the use of medicines is absent for 5 days, then it is necessary to show the child to the pediatrician - it is quite possible that the baby has some kind of bowel disease, and colic is only one of its symptoms.
How old are colic in newborns?
Most parents have a lot of questions after the baby is born. One of them is about how long the colic in the baby will last, how to prevent their appearance and help the baby cope with them.
Note that each baby has its own characteristics and a strict time frame there is no such trouble. Typically, colic disappears at the age of four months.
Colic in a newborn what to do
Excessive and inconsolable crying may result from colic. But sometimes this can be a symptom of the disease.
Make an appointment with your pediatrician for a thorough examination if the baby is crying excessively or is worried about other symptoms.
Useful Tips for Mommies: HEALTH OF THE BABY
The doctor will conduct a full physical examination to determine the possible causes of the child’s problems.
Reception at the pediatrician should include:
• Measure your child’s height, weight and head circumference.
• Listening to the heart, lungs, and abdominal sounds.
• Examination of limbs, fingers, toes, eyes, ears and genitals.
• Assessment of reaction to touch or movement.
• Search for signs of rash, inflammation, other signs of infection or allergies.
Laboratory tests, x-rays and other diagnostic measures are usually not needed. But in obscure cases, they help rule out other causes.
The main goals are to calm the child as much as possible. Parents also need psychological support. There are soothing strategies you can try.
Some may work better than others. It happens that once one option helps, in another - other ways.
Doctors recommend the following options to remove colic in the abdomen in a child:
• Give the baby a pacifier.
• Take your child for a car ride or stroller ride.
• Walking with a newborn in arms or rocking.
• Wrap the baby in a blanket.
• Make your baby a warm bath
• Rub your stomach or flip it from your back to your stomach.
• Play heartbeats or any quiet, soothing sounds.
• Start the noise of a vacuum cleaner or clothes dryer in the next room.
• Dim the light and limit other visual stimulation.
A change in feeding practices may also help. Food can be given from the bottle in an upright position with frequent burping during and after.
Using a curved bottle will help with vertical feeding, which can reduce air consumption.
What is colic?
Infant colic overshadows the lives of many parents. They torment infants between the ages of two weeks and three months. Some children suffer from pain a little longer. On average, by six months, colic subsides. During this period, the infant's nervous and digestive systems only form. He is adapting to a new world for him. As a result, discomfort appears, to which the baby reacts with crying.
There is no single answer to the question of what is colic. Most experts are inclined to believe that this is increased gas formation, which causes inconvenience to the baby. Some explain regular crying by immaturity of the nervous system or increased intracranial pressure. Proponents of the theory cite a variety of facts as evidence of it. For example, colic increases with changing weather. Meteosensitivity, in their opinion, is more likely due to migraines than abdominal pains.
Note! In any case, colic is a natural process that passes over time, as the baby grows older. The main thing is to make sure that the baby is healthy, well-fed, that it is neither cold nor hot.
If there is no apparent reason for concern, and the baby continues to sob, consider the problem to be colic.
It is possible to determine that a baby is bothered by colic by the following signs:
- The child becomes restless in the evening, at about the same time. Usually the peak falls between 18 and 22 hours,
- He has a normal temperature, there are no symptoms of the disease, he is well-fed and comfortable, but he continues to scream,
- The kid bends his arms and presses the legs to his stomach, which is tense and swollen to the touch, enlarged,
- You can’t distract the baby, turn your attention, even the proximity of mother and motion sickness do not save, he continues to sob,
- His cry does not stop, the intensity sometimes increases when the pain intensifies,
- After the exhaustion of gases, the child becomes better, he calms down, makes contact with loved ones.
Children who appear prematurely have a higher risk of developing colic than babies born on time. This is due to a more immature system of organs and a lack of necessary enzymes.
How old are colic?
When colic begins in a newborn, it does not depend on the method of feeding it. It happens that children who feed on mixtures are not tormented by tummies, and babies in Guards suffer for months and vice versa.
Usually colic begins when the baby is 1.5-2 weeks old. They can not be confused with anything:
- Attacks of crying do not go away and last up to three hours, sometimes more,
- The intensity increases in 1.5-2 months. At this time, children become the most restless, crying the longest.
Breastfeeding babies suffer from colic if mom is abusing junk food:
- sweets and pastries,
- citrus fruits
- spicy, smoked, fried.
The nutrition of a nursing woman should be varied, do not limit yourself. The main thing is to give up food that increases gas production for the first time, and use gentle heat treatment methods. Highly allergenic foods, such as red berries and fruits, citrus fruits, try in small portions, watching the reaction of the baby. Sometimes it is recommended that the mother exclude dairy products, explaining the infant's poor health by a reaction to cow protein.
Colic is also explained by lactase deficiency (lactose is an enzyme involved in the breakdown of breast milk sugar). As a result, it enters the intestines in large quantities and provokes the growth of bacteria. This leads to increased gas formation and cramping.
Note! Be sure to give up alcohol, smoking. You can not use antibiotics, with rare exceptions. There are medicines, the intake of which is compatible with feeding, which the attending physician will definitely announce.
Often, mothers, seeing a crying baby, offer him a chest, which further burden the digestive system. The body does not have time to cope with large amounts of food, which leads to discomfort. It is always better to underfeed the baby than to overeat. He will make up for the loss the next time the pain goes away.
On artificial feeding
Colic in a newborn sometimes begins when he is weaned and transferred to a mixture. The digestive system does not have time to rebuild and fails, which leads to increased gas formation and pain.
If the baby takes the bottle soother, it swallows the air. Bubbles cannot go out on their own and cause discomfort to the baby. A sharp transition to artificial feeding in the first months of life of the baby can provoke cramping, to which he reacts with crying.You can not often transfer from one mixture to another, the baby should eat products of the same brand. Only packs vary, depending on the age of the child. A reasonable switch to another diet is explained by health problems and the recommendations of the pediatrician.
How long do colic last
It is impossible to predict in advance how long the colic in a newborn will last. When the body adapts to a new environment, food, discomfort ceases. So, the digestive system has become more perfect, and the baby has moved to a new stage of development.
When are colic in newborns:
- Usually lasts up to three months of age, some children have stomach problems much longer. By six months, the period ends, and the baby becomes calm and smiling,
- Allergies can affect the intensity and duration. Also, for example, it is believed that babies with umbilical hernia suffer this period more painfully,
- More often boys suffer from stomach pains longer than girls.
Attacks usually occur daily and last an average of about three hours. In some children, they pass after a quarter of an hour, but this is very rare. At this time, the baby practically does not stop screaming. Between attacks he is cheerful and active, his appetite does not suffer, he gains weight, grows and develops.
Healthy cheerful child
General well-being is not disturbed, so colic is not equated with pathology, which means that treatment is usually not required. Methods are used that can alleviate the condition of infants, reduce pain. Which method to choose depends on the reaction of the baby. One helps massage, the other a warm diaper on the stomach. Many babies are saved by bodily contact with their mother, directly skin to skin.
Note! It is believed that colic occurs at least three times a week and does not last less than 20 days.
When do colic go
Colic goes away independently after 2.5-3 months. Since their reasons are not completely understood, and treatment methods are not always effective, most often you just have to wait. In any case, you need to try to alleviate the condition of the baby, if you can’t do it yourself, seek the advice of a pediatrician.
How to understand that colic is over
When colic in infants ends, it’s immediately clear that the child’s behavior changes. He becomes more calm, even in the evenings he is in a good mood. His stomach is soft, and the gases escape on their own. The baby is no longer tormented by cramping, parents can relax, the adaptation was successful.
The condition of the mother affects the well-being of the baby:
- susceptibility to stress
- fatigue and overwork.
The more positively she is tuned, the easier the infant tolerates a difficult period for him. Children read the emotions of loved ones.
Important! No need to perceive colic as a disease and look for other symptoms in the child. If the baby is healthy and in the period without spasms is active and cheerful, it is worthwhile to be patient and take what is happening as an inevitable stage in the development of the baby.
Why colic happens in the evenings
Colic usually occurs in the evening and at night. The following factors can affect this:
- A nursing mother ate unwanted foods throughout the day. Substances that cause discomfort in the digestive system of the crumbs have accumulated and began to act,
- The kid gained emotions for the day, joyful or sad, the metabolic rate increased, the body can’t cope with the production of enzymes, which leads to unpleasant sensations,
- During the day, there is more gas accumulated in the stomach, so the strength of the cramps increases, and the child cannot endure the pain.
You need not to overload the crumbs before going to bed with acquaintances and games, monitor nutrition and do not forget about massage. Even if he does not suffer from pain, muscle strengthening will benefit him. Moreover, this is not only a lesson, but also a way to make relationships with the baby stronger, get closer and make contact.
Could be morning, afternoon
Colic can begin at any time of the day, but their intensity increases in the evening. In the morning, the baby is still awake, full of energy and may not pay attention to discomfort. By evening, he gets tired and acutely perceives any changes. The intensity of the pain increases, the cramps intensify, especially if you do not alleviate the condition of the baby, and he begins to cry.
Colic in newborns is a physiological process that accompanies the growing up of a child, his adaptation to the outside world. Not everyone has them, but if they happen, you should not be afraid of them. When the child is healthy and feels great at another time, you need to take care of how to alleviate his condition during cramping. Colic will surely pass when the baby and its digestive system adapt to new food. The difficult period will end, it is worth remembering this and not panic.
Who is that
Dr. Komarovsky Evgeny Olegovich is a well-known children's doctor who has gained worldwide fame thanks to the highest professionalism and the "School of Dr. Komarovsky." Millions of parents trust him with the problems of their children. And this is not surprising, because his approach concerns not only treatment, but, above all, parenting! And this is not for everyone.
The “Doctor Komarovsky School” has been broadcast since 2010, and today it can be seen on seven television channels. The TV program attracts the attention of young parents of Ukraine, Russia, Moldova and Belarus, as well as viewers of Russian-language channels in Israel, Canada and Germany.
The official site is the Komarovsky School in the online version. Answers to all questions can be found in the publications of the doctor himself or discussed on the forum with other parents. This is one of the most important sections of the site, which allows young parents to understand that the problems that arise with the baby in their family are not unique, and each of them can be solved.
If the described methods do not reduce colic in the baby, crying or irritability continues, the doctor may recommend a temporary change in nutrition.
Dietary techniques may include:
• Change of formula. If you are feeding infant formula, the doctor may suggest that you change your diet for a hydrolyzate formula for a week (Similac Alimentum, Nutramigen, Pregestimil, etc.). The difference from the usual ones is that the proteins break down into smaller ones.
• Mother’s diet. If you are breastfeeding, you can try a diet without common food allergens such as dairy products, eggs, nuts and wheat. You can also try eliminating potentially annoying foods like cabbage, onions or caffeinated drinks.
Need to take care of yourself. Caring for a baby who has colic in the tummy can be tiring and stressful even for experienced parents.
The following strategies can help take care of yourself and get the support you need:
• Take breaks. Alternate in caring for a child with a spouse or partner. Give yourself the opportunity to leave home if possible.
• Use the crib for short breaks. During an episode of crying, you can put the baby in the crib for a while, if there is a need to pack up or calm the nerves.
• Express your feelings. In such a situation, parents feel helpless, depressed, guilty, or angry. Share your feelings with family members, friends, and your doctor.
• Do not judge yourself. Do not measure your success as a parent by how much your child cries. Colic in a child is not the result of poor care. Inconsolable crying is not a sign that the child is rejecting you.
• Take care of your health. Eat healthy foods. Take time to exercise - a quick daily walk will do. If you can, sleep with your baby, even during the day. Avoid alcohol and other toxic substances.
• Remember that this is temporary. Colic episodes often improve after 3-4 months.
Why do colic appear
This term refers to intestinal cramps, which are manifested as a result of increased gas formation and changes in the functional characteristics of the intestinal section.
It is interesting that until today not a single cause of this pathology has been identified. Doctors identified only a few assumptions that may serve as a reason for the appearance of colic.
The main reason is the instability of the digestive system of babies. Because in the womb, the baby was fed through the umbilical cord, and after birth, the method of eating has changed somewhat. Therefore, the body has not yet had time to adapt to innovations, and as a result of this, spasms appear that cause the crumb enough discomfort. Parents in such situations simply come to bewilderment.
Another cause for colic may be air entering the stomach in tandem with milk from the mother. As a result, gases form inside the intestines, and characteristic discomfort manifests itself in the form of colic, accompanied by baby crying. In order to minimize the occurrence of colic in this case - pay attention to the fact that the baby takes the breast correctly. During feeding, the baby should be calm, thereby significantly reducing the amount of incoming air into the stomach.
Colic also sometimes occurs due to the emotional state of the mother. When a girl / woman feeds with breast milk - the composition of the product depends on whether the mother was nervous or not, maybe she is depressed or has a changeable mood. Because of this, milk changes its properties under the hormonal action, which often causes pain in the intestines of crumbs.
Less commonly, a baby may have lactose intolerance. Such situations are rare enough, but also contribute to the appearance of colic. In the case under consideration, such a pathology explains the presence of lactase deficiency in the baby. Therefore, the baby needs to receive it additionally along with mother's milk. If the baby is on artificial feeding, buy lactose-free food.
Time frames for colic in newborns
There are many different opinions about the age at which colic begins in children, how long it lasts, why it arises, and from when it can be forgotten. For example, it is believed that boys are much more likely to experience colic, but the reasons for the formation of gas in the baby’s tummy are the same for everyone and do not depend on their gender.
The most common colic flow pattern in newborns among pediatricians is the so-called “rule of three”: the onset of gas formation in the baby’s intestines occurs in the third week of life, painful attacks last 3 hours 2-3 times a day, and its final cessation occurs in three months. age. True, it is worth considering that all children are different - it will not be possible to subordinate all to the same scheme. In some children, colic disappears as early as 2.5 months, while in others it will end only in 6 months. The following factors affect the intensity, frequency and duration of colic:
- The time when the baby was born. If the baby was born prematurely, then his colic may begin later, but it will also last longer.
- The rate of development of the gastrointestinal tract. As soon as immature organs of the gastrointestinal tract develop, colic will stop.
- The regimen of feeding the baby. The not yet fully formed stomach of a newborn is sometimes simply not able to digest all the food that has got into it until the next feeding.
- The method of attachment to the chest. With improper grip of the nipple, along with breast milk, the baby captures the air. This leads to bloating and, accordingly, further gas formation.
- Personal qualities of the character of the child. In too temperamental and troubled children, colic is more painful.
- Nutrition. If the baby is an artificial, then the milk mixture may not be suitable for him. When breastfeeding a child, mother needs to be more attentive to her diet, because everything that mother eats goes to the baby.
How to help a child when he suffers from colic?
Of course, forever colic will not continue - sooner or later they will pass. In order to somehow ease the trick of the course of this period and thereby protect your own nerves, it is worth following a few simple recommendations:
- Exclude products that cause gas formation. For children on artificial feeding, these will be mixtures that include palm oil (for more details, see: a good mixture without palm oil). Moms whose babies are fed exclusively breast milk should temporarily forget or at least limit their intake of foods such as legumes, rye bread, homemade milk, fresh vegetables and fruits.
- To wear "column". In order for air to escape that enters the stomach with milk, after feeding it is enough for 5-7 minutes to swear the child in an upright position.
- Do a light massage (we recommend reading: massage scheme for colic in a newborn). Periodically, it is necessary to gently, without pressing the tummy, stroke the child around the navel.
- Perform special gymnastics. Regularly doing a simple exercise with the baby: press the bent legs to the chest.
- Sometimes bathe the baby in a warm relaxing bath with chamomile.
- Give the baby dill water, tea with fennel or other pharmacy products that are aimed at combating colic.
- Apply a warm diaper to your baby’s stomach a couple of times.
- Exercise “Airplane”. Take the baby in her arms with her belly down and swing from side to side. At a minimum, this should distract the crumbs.
- Exercise “Tiger on a branch”. Put the baby on the arm bent at the elbow, so that his head rests in your palm and shake it slightly. In this position, a little pressure on his stomach should slightly alleviate his condition.
Which actions are mandatory and which are under strict taboo?
Parents, seeing the torment of the baby, can sometimes overdo it in attempts to help him. Below is listed all that is worth doing, and what is absolutely impossible with colic in a newborn: (see also: harmful products that cause colic in newborns)
- you must inform the local doctor about colic, no matter how much it starts,
- Do not rush to follow the advice of mothers who have already encountered this problem, and resort to treatment with alternative methods,
- use pharmacy medicines only after consulting a pediatrician,
- do not use a flue tube every day - this way you can break the thin mucous membrane of the rectum, plus bring additional suffering to the baby,
- in moments of severe bloating, do not try to bend and unbend the baby’s legs, it’s better to make a warm compress or just put the child on your bare stomach,
- the first thing that both parents should do is calm down and not be nervous, because the excitement is transmitted to the baby, which can lead to increased spasms of the abdominal muscles.
How to understand that the period of colic is over?
There are a number of signs in the behavior and condition of infants, by which you can determine the moment when the colic stops:
- lack of convulsive tightening of the legs to the stomach,
- Have a good night's sleep
- good mood,
- reducing the period of screaming and crying.
Colic is not a sentence.Parents who encounter them just need to be patient and take adequate measures that can help, and not harm the child.
Symptoms of colic in babies
Unfortunately, colic in infants does not go away just like that, they are often accompanied by some list of symptoms. The pathology under consideration is compared with abdominal pain. An adult is quite ready to endure a similar situation, which cannot be said about young children who are simply unaccustomed to such cramps. Therefore, parents can observe the following symptoms:
- Strong crying.
- Redness from overstrain of the face.
- The tummy is hard and swollen.
- The baby actively jerks its legs or arms (it can press them to the stomach).
- Some babies close their eyes, while others have wide open eyes.
Sharp pain provokes the baby's anxiety along with prolonged crying of an explosive nature. How to identify such a cry? Simple enough. It is the opposite of crying, informing about the need to eat.
During sudden movements, gases may be released that will ease pain. Most often, after this colic ends, because the baby is freed from excess air in the digestive system, which was the cause of the occurrence of colic.
How to save a baby from colic
The fight against intestinal colic is the constant search for an individual solution. To date, there is simply no single way. Some parents follow the path of using modern drugs or use traditional medicine. In order to quickly rid the baby of pain, you should try various methods, and then determine the most suitable.
- When the crumbs show colic, and he begins to cry stubbornly, first calm down and control yourself. Your nervous condition will only aggravate the situation. Try to restrain your own emotions as much as possible and be very calm.
- Warm the diaper with an iron and put it on the tummy of the baby. Often after this, the characteristic symptomatology disappears, after which the baby calms down. You will immediately notice the joy and smile of your cub.
- Some solve the problem by routinely stroking the abdomen in a clockwise direction. Such movements convey heat to the tummy from the hands of mom or dad.
- Often, skin-to-skin contact can help. Thus, the child forgets about the problem and after a while calms down. After feeding, he may fall asleep altogether. It is likely that the crumb will refuse a "meal", because the pain greatly worries him. Do not worry about this - once again stroke the tummy or hold the baby in a column.
If no method has come up and the problem is not resolved, modern parents resort to medical drugs. The pharmacy today sells a large number of funds that do not harm the baby, but help get rid of painful spasms in the intestine. Such drugs are suitable from a very young age.
But do not start self-medication. Before using medicines, be sure to consult your doctor. Only a specialized specialist will help to understand the problem and prescribe the right drugs.
To summarize, we note that intestinal colic in babies disappears by about 4 months of age. Pain in the abdomen is formed due to excessive gas formation, which is a consequence of the restructuring of the digestive system of the crumbs. Therefore, there are no good reasons for excitement. Use our recommendations in practice, and you will be able to improve the condition of your baby. If all else fails, consult a doctor who will prescribe the necessary medicines.
One of the factors that can contribute to colic is the imbalance of beneficial bacteria in the baby’s digestive tract.
One of the treatment methods under consideration is the use of beneficial bacteria (probiotics) to create the appropriate bacterial balance.
This is necessary to improve the overall health of the digestive system.
Some studies have shown a reduction in crying time when children with colic are treated with a bacterium called Lactobacillus reuteri.
Studies were conducted with small groups, and the results varied.
Most experts agree that there is currently insufficient evidence to support the use of probiotics to treat colic.
Colic does not cause short-term or long-term medical problems in a child. The condition of the child contributes to the stress of parents.
Studies have shown a relationship between colic and the following problems in parents:
- Increased risk of postpartum depression in mothers.
- Early cessation of breastfeeding.
- Feelings of guilt, exhaustion, helplessness or anger.
Stress from a crying baby sometimes encourages parents to shake their baby hard.
Shaking the baby can cause serious brain damage and even death.
The risk of these uncontrolled reactions is higher if the parents do not understand the essence of colic and do not have emotional support.
Dr. Komarovsky about colic
If the baby is tormented by colic, what should I do? The problem that young parents most often face causes a lot of controversy even among doctors.
Colic is an attack of intense pain, short but recurring over a period of time. They are different: hepatic, renal, intestinal. As Dr. Komarovsky explains, colic in newborns, from the point of view of science, is still not fully understood. However, unlike infantile colic, all the rest are quite easily explained, for example, by stones or the passage of hardened feces.
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Infant colic is not associated with any of the above reasons. The main thing that parents should understand: when a child is a month old, colic in the intestines is not dangerous and is not considered a disease. Moreover, infant colic goes away without any additional action on the part of the parents.
Signs of ailment
The main sign of the appearance of infantile colic, of course, is unjustified crying. In this case, the child’s tummy may be mild, there is no temperature, there are no signs of disease.
According to Dr. Komarovsky, colic in newborns makes them scream so that mom literally starts to go a little crazy. This phenomenon has long tormented the pundits of medical science who are trying in vain to explain it. They even conducted a series of experiments regarding the effect of baby crying on the psyche of parents. According to the results of the studies, it was possible to explain everything except the crying baby, who was diagnosed with “infant colic”. The special frequencies at which the child yells at such moments do not fit into the framework of any scientific research.
The magic rule of three
For such an ailment as colic, parents should prepare in advance. In fact, this is a fairly predictable phenomenon, moreover, its occurrence, development and completion are subject to a certain algorithm, the so-called magic rule of three: colic appears about three weeks after birth, stops by three months, lasts about three hours a day ...
How should mom behave
As mentioned earlier, a mother may react completely inadequately during infant colic. And this is connected, by the way, not only with sleepless nights, but also with postpartum depression. As you know, many recently born women undergo a number of changes - both in the psyche and in physiology. These disorders directly affect the hormonal background of the young mother, making her vulnerable and extremely vulnerable.
The most reasonable solution in such a situation is to trust the baby’s dad and not interfere with his desire to control the process.
How should a man behave
Dad as the head of the family, the most powerful and wise, should keep a cold mind. Most importantly, he needs to understand how important his role is during this difficult period.
First of all, the pope must make sure that his wife is able to cope with the baby. But even if the mother does not give up, in no case should you put all the worries about the newborn only on her. Dad should not only be an assistant, but also the leader of a young family so that his wife, feeling his strength and calmness, can cope with her fears and worries. Otherwise, he risks getting a tired and nervous wife and, as a result, a restless child who, even after a period of colic, will often cry.
What to do with a newborn if he screams a lot
Despite the abundance of funds designed to alleviate infant colic, there is no cure for this ailment today. Another thing is that drugs can help when the true cause, one way or another, is established.
According to Dr. Komarovsky, colic in newborns is a diagnosis of exclusion. That is, before making this diagnosis, the doctor excludes the presence of infectious diseases and digestive disorders.
The most common cause of colic is increased gas formation. With the accumulation of gases in the intestine, you can successfully cope with both improvised means (for example, a gas vent tube), and various decoctions or medications that reduce bloating. Colic caused by other problems cannot be eliminated by these methods.
Another common cause of pain in infants is constipation. Komarovsky often warns young parents about factors contributing to the development of this condition, which include unhealthy mothers, overfeeding, overheating, and other causes. However, this ailment can and should be fought, and quite successfully.
The main way to eliminate constipation is an enema. Firstly, because it is it that allows you not to resort to various kinds of drugs that can not only help, but also harm the microflora of the intestines of the baby. Secondly, because this tool is available in all circumstances.
How to choose an enema
When acquiring such a desired item, it is important to consider some of the nuances:
- Enema is a matter of personal hygiene. After the acquisition, it must be boiled before first use. For further manipulations, just rinsing with warm water will suffice.
- It is advisable that the enema for your baby be equipped with removable tips that can be thermally processed. This is especially true when you get a second-hand product. If the child has constipation, Komarovsky recommends an enema, putting the baby on the back. Legs bent at the knees should be pressed to the stomach.
How to carry out the procedure
To thin the stool of a newborn, you will need no more than 30 ml of warm boiled water. A six-month-old baby is 80-100 ml, and a one-year-old is 150 ml.
The danger of enemas is that the immature microflora of the infant intestine may not respond to the introduction of fluid. Moreover, water, warming up to body temperature, begins to be absorbed into the baby's body, carrying with it all the toxins collected in the hardening feces.
In order to prevent intoxication, with the introduction of an enema, it is necessary to monitor the condition of the baby, and especially the stool. If he did not appear within 10-15 minutes after the introduction of an enema, everything must be done to exclude intoxication:
- Enter an enema tip to let water out. Too dense feces suggests that the procedure must be performed several times.
- A more gentle and less traumatic gas pipe is considered. Moreover, it can be entered deeper than a conventional enema. Pediatricians recommend the use of a vent tube, connecting it to an enema.
What else to do when a child has colic
In the language of Dr. Komarovsky, if a mother does nothing to help her child, then she is a stepmother. Despite the fact that there is still no magic pill for this ailment, help with colic is definitely necessary, first of all, for ... mom. If relatives have the patience to calm themselves and calm their mother, we can assume that half the problem will be solved.
In fact, the best cure for colic is mind and patience. If parents understand that the problem has a place to be, then they must also understand that it is necessary to endure this stage of development of the baby. They should understand and explain to their loved ones that no conspiracy will help with the crying caused by colic.
It may seem strange, but the baby's condition reflects the state of the parents. If adults feel insecure, then the child will be restless.
A few myths about colic
There are a lot of folk ways that supposedly help to defeat colic. “Komarovsky School” helps parents a lot to figure out what needs to be done and what is better to refrain from:
- During colic, you need to take the child in his arms and rocking. Dr. Komarovsky explains: if the baby is calmed by motion sickness, then this must be done, unless they continue for several hours before the baby calms down. However, if the child subsides on the handles, then there is no question of any colic.
- The shape of the nipples on the bottle affects the appearance and intensity of colic. One of the possible causes of pain is considered to be swallowing air when sucking. Therefore, Dr. Komarovsky does not exclude that an irregular shape of the nipple can affect the occurrence of colic. However, most often a magic bottle appears in the house after a long search and experiments with different forms. Parents find this an effective cure for colic in just about three months. That is, exactly when the problem goes away on its own.
Colic, the causes of their occurrence and appearance - all of this we have examined in detail above. Gain strength and patience, your newborn baby just needs confident parents.
When a baby appears in the family, parents begin to ask a lot of questions. Mom and dad are interested in the baby’s nutrition, stool and digestion. One of the most exciting issues that parents of infants face is increased gas formation and abdominal pain. All mothers and fathers need to know when colic in newborns goes. Also, parents should find out what could be the reason for the appearance of gas and bloating in the intestines.
When does a child have colic?
To begin with, it is worth saying that the age of the baby in this case may vary somewhat and range from three months to six months. It all depends on the baby’s nutrition and treatment of the disease.
If the baby eats breast milk, then the microflora in the intestine is established faster. This is due to the fact that breast milk contains beneficial substances and bacteria that no milk mixture can give to infants. So, when are the colic in babies who are breast-fed? On average, this period is two to three months. After this time, you will notice that the baby has become more calm and cheerful.
In the case when the mother cannot or does not want to breastfeed her baby, you have to choose a milk mixture. This should not be done on the advice of experienced girlfriends, but with the help of a pediatrician. The doctor will choose your baby the appropriate composition of the milk mixture, which will help to quickly establish the microflora and colonize the intestines with beneficial bacteria.How old are colic in newborns who feed on the milk formula? On average, this period takes from four months to six months. After the specified time, the child's digestion is established, pains in the stomach pass.
Now you know when the colic in newborns disappears. Be patient and do your best to help your baby in difficult times. Believe me, a baby during periods of increased gas formation is much harder than his parents. Fight colic correctly and prevent their occurrence. If you have questions or difficulties, contact your doctor.
Colic in infants is a condition that occurs in virtually all babies.
Some live relatively calmly in this period, while others become a headache for parents.
Therefore, each mother wants to know when the colic in the newborn begins, how to identify them, how long they will last and what methods will help improve the condition of the child.
When do these problems go away?
Parents often wonder when colic goes away. Experts say that after 3-4 months the unpleasant phenomenon in newborn boys and girls goes away, the painful symptoms disappear.
However, many parents write off this on various funds purchased at the pharmacy.
Special pills are completely useless and will only be a waste of money.
You can purchase a large number of different medications, but they will not give any effect on the health of children, nor will they cause harm.
Colic in newborns is quite common.
Many young parents are often at a loss as to what to do when the baby is colic in the first 2-3 months of life and cries constantly. When the mother is too nervous - it can be transmitted to the child.
Similar factors influence family relationships. Parents should be prepared to survive these 3-5 months when the cramps go away completely. After a few months, the phenomenon will disappear completely.